Use of a Heat Exchanger for Waste Heat Recovery in Drying System


  • Yongyoot Taingaoson School of Renewable Energy, Maejo University
  • Parin Khongkrapan School of Renewable Energy, Maejo University
  • Yardfon Tanongkankit Faculty of Engineering and Agro-industry, Maejo University



Drying, Heat Exchanger, Waste Heat Recovery, Energy Saving, Global Warming


The objective of this research is to design, construct, and test a cross-flow heat exchanger to recover waste heat from the drying process in order to increase the dryer efficiency. Inside the heat exchanger, there are 12 pipes with a diameter of 5 cm and a length of 60 cm placed alternately in 5 rows as a channel for the humid air (hot fluid) to be evacuated. The total heat exchange area is 1.13 m2. The heat from humid air is transferred to dry air (cold fluid) that flows through the stacks of pipes, causing the dry air to increase in temperature. The heat exchanger is composed primarily of food-grade stainless steel (SUS304). It is covered by an insulating layer on the outside in order to reduce energy loss. From the heat exchanger test results at the average inlet humid and dry air temperatures of 55 and 36 °C, where both fluids were controlled to have the same mass flow rate of 0.017 kg/s, it was found that the heat exchanger effectiveness and efficiency was 31.58% and 64.81%, respectively. The device warmed dry air to a maximum and average temperature rise of 6.00 and 4.42 °C and reduced humid air to a maximum and average temperature of 10.71 and 6.82 °C, respectively. That equates to 272.40 kJ of recovered energy or 9.16% of the waste heat released. From the results of the kaffir lime leaf drying experiment, it was found that the installation of a heat exchanger did not affect the drying rate. From the results of the kaffir lime leaf drying experiment, it was found that the installation of a heat exchanger did not affect the drying rate, but it reduced the specific energy consumption (SEC) by 9.81% and increased the specific moisture extraction rate (SMER) by 10.88%. That makes the efficiency of the improved dryer higher than the original one of 10.88%. As a result, the energy costs of producing dried kaffir lime leaf were reduced by 9.39%.


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How to Cite

Taingaoson, Y. ., Khongkrapan, P. ., & Tanongkankit, Y. . (2022). Use of a Heat Exchanger for Waste Heat Recovery in Drying System. RMUTL Engineering Journal, 7(2), 49–59.



Research Article