Chicken Slaughterhouse Wastewater Characteristics, Current Treatment and Future Challenges: A review
คำสำคัญ:Chicken slaughterhouse wastewater, wastewater characteristics, wastewater treatment
In this study, a thorough review of advancement in chicken slaughterhouse wastewater (CSWW) characteristics, current treatment and future challenges were presented. The data of CSWW characteristics and discharge limits were collected, in particular in Thailand, as well as in several other neighboring countries and the world’s leading chicken meat producing countries. The data clearly showed that the CSWW typically contained high concentrations of organic matter in the forms of Biochemical Oxygen Demand and Chemical Oxygen Demand, suspended solids, oil and grease, and nitrogen in the form of Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen. For example, in Thailand the concentrations of mentioned parameters were ranged from 490-1200 mg/L, 890-1900 mg/L, 415-700 mg/L, 80-190 mg/L and 73-240 mg/L, respectively. In the treatment of CSWW, biological wastewater treatment was commonly applied for the removal of organic matter and nutrients. An overview of the typical CSWW treatment systems was also discussed. Moreover, this review also provided a better understanding of the future challenges of CSWW management that aimed at both high treatment efficiency and potential resource recovery.
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