ELEVATED CYCLE PATH: IS IT SUITABLE FOR BANGKOK, THAILAND?
Keywords:Elevated Bike Lane, Elevated Cycle Path, Sky Lane, Sustainable Transportation.
This paper shows suggestions to develop the elevated cycle path in Bangkok, Thailand. Previous bicycle-related studies in Thailand as well as various completed and successful sky lane projects from other megacities were reviewed. Subsequently, difficulties and potentials to promote bicycle usage in Thailand were identified and grouped into eight key issues consisting of 1) Weather conditions, 2) Number of cyclists, 3) Unsafe conditions, 4) Standard and Regulations, 5) Thai peoples’ undesirable values, 6) Bicycle facilities, 7) Limitation of the project area and Connectivity to local business, and 8) Economically feasible but not in finance. Furthermore, while the introduction of elevated bike lane projects in Bangkok will alleviate some problems, it will exacerbate financial difficulties. Finally, some policy-related recommendations for the development of elevated cycle paths in Thailand were introduced.
Gatersleben B, Appleton KM. Contemplating cycling to work: Attitudes and perceptions in different stages of change. Transportation Research Part A Policy and Practice 2007;41(4):302-12.
Pucher J, Buehler R. Making cycling irresistible: lessons from the Netherlands, Denmark and Germany. Transport Reviews 2008;28(4):495-528.
Kasetsart University. A summary report on the evaluation of the bicycle routes in Bangkok. Bangkok Metropolitant Administration (BMA), BKK, Thailand; 2013. (In Thai)
Chaichannawatik B, Boonyoo T, Punurai S, Leuanpech P, Lueangvilai E. Travel Demand Forecasting on Bicycle Route under Expressway in Thailand. International Journal of Structural and Civil Engineering Research 2017;6(4):293-7.
Srisurapanon V, Tangtrongchit MP, Ard-Onk K, Limsuttiruch P, Kiatpanachart K, Luengsirinapha P. Guideline for improvement the usage of bicycle in Bangkok. Sponsored by The Thailand Research Fund; 2003. (In Thai)
Raha U, Taweesin K. Encouraging the use of non-motorized in Bangkok. Procedia Environmental Sciences 2013;17:444-51.
Limsuttiruch P. Guide of Improvement Crossway and Intersection for Bicyclist [Master Thesis]. Bangkok, Thailand: King Mongkut's University of Technology; 2002. (In Thai)
San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge [Internet]. Metropolitan Transportation Commission. 2021 [cited 2022 Sep 6]. Available from: https://mtc.ca.gov/operations/programs-projects/bridges/san-francisco-oakland-bay-bridge
Stone M. Plans for A futuristic elevated bike path could put London cyclists in the sky [Internet]. Insider. 2014 [cited 2021 Sep 19]. Available from: https://www.businessinsider.com/ london-elevated-bike-path-plan-2014-1
Wikipedia contributors. Nelson Street Cycleway [Internet]. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 2021 [cited 2021 Sep 19]. Available from: https://en.wikipedia.org/ w/index.php?title=Nelson_Street_Cycleway&oldid=1028786632
Beach J. Whatever happened to London’s Sky Cycle project? [Internet]. BikeRadar. 2016 [cited 2021 Sep 19]. Available from: https://www.bikeradar.com/features/whatever-happened-to-londons-sky-cycle-project/
Kinney J. Melbourne floats idea of elevated bike path [Internet]. Nextcity.org. [cited 2021 Sep 19]. Available from: https://nextcity.org/daily/entry/melbourne-elevated-bike-path-cycleway-congestion
Davies A. So, BMW wants to build networks of elevated cycling paths. Wired [Internet]. 2017 Nov 24 [cited 2022 Sep 6]; Available from: https://www.wired.com/story/bmw-elevated-bike-cyclist-paths-concept/
L. Suh-yoon, Seoul unveils blueprint for elevated bike paths [Internet]. The Korea Times. 2019 [cited 2022 Sep 6]. Available from: https://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/nation/2019/ 02/281_263179.html
The Expressway Authority of Thailand (EXAT). Executive Summary Report: Feasibility study in engineering, Economics, and Financial for the development of bicycle network master plan in the area of expressway. Bangkok, Thailand; 2014. (In Thai)
Wancharoen S. “Skycycle lane” offers elevated congestion-free travel [Internet]. https://www.bangkokpost.com. 2019 [cited 2021 Sep 19]. Available from: https://www.bangkokpost.com/thailand/general/1750494/skycycle-lane-offers-elevated-congestion-free-travel?utm_medium=Social&utm_source=Facebook
Marsal A. The dutch have built an elevated roundabout just for bikes [Internet]. We Love Cycling magazine. We Love Cycling; 2016 [cited 2021 Sep 19]. Available from: https://www.welovecycling.com/wide/2016/11/02/dutch-built-elevated-roundabout-just-bikes/
Natalie Gulsrud HS. Cykelslangen Copenhagen: An urban snake [Internet]. Topos Magazine. 2016 [cited 2021 Sep 19]. Available from: https://www.toposmagazine.com/ copenhagen-cykelslangen
Tribune news services. Part of elevated bike lane built for Rio Olympics collapses, killing 2. Chicago tribune [Internet]. 2017 Nov 18 [cited 2021 Sep 20]; Available from: https://www.chicagotribune.com/sports/olympics/ct-rio-olympics-evelated-bike-line-death- 20160421-story.html
Bicycle path in Rio DE Janeiro - all you need to know [Internet]. Free Walker Tours. 2019 [cited 2021 Sep 18]. Available from: https://freewalkertours.com/bicycle-path-in-rio-de-janeiro-all-you-need-to-know/
The World’s Longest Elevated Cycle Path Built in Record Time [Internet]. State of Green. 2017 [cited 2021 Sep 20]. Available from: https://stateofgreen.com/en/partners/ dissingweitling-architecture/news/the-worlds-longest-elevated-cycle-path-built-in-record-time
This pink cycling lane in New Zealand amazed the world [Internet]. LifeGate. 2016 [cited 2021 Sep 20]. Available from: https://www.lifegate.com/pink-cycling-lane-new-zealand
Bicycle “super highway” planned for Melbourne’s west [Internet]. Landscape Australia. [cited 2021 Sep 20]. Available from: https://landscapeaustralia.com/articles/bicycle-super-highway-planned-for-melbournes-west/
Pongprasert P, Kubota H. Factors Affecting Residents Living near Transit stations to Use Non-Motorized Access Mode: Case study about Daily Travel in Bangkok, Thailand. Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies 2017;12:854-73
Likitmanchai C. Legal Measures to Support Bicycle Culture in Bangkok Province [Master Thesis]. Bangkok, Thailand: Thammasat University; 2015. (In Thai)
Kumkheaw P. Evaluation of Community Bicycle Route: A Case Study of the Rattanakosin Island. In: the 3rd National RMUTR Conference. Prachuap Khiri Khan, Thailand; 2018. p. 8-15 (In Thai)
Upala P. A modal Integration between Bicycle and Mass Transit System (BTS): A Case Study on Ari Station. Bangkok [Master Thesis]. Bangkok, Thailand: King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang; 2002. (In Thai)
Prasert P. Guidelines for The Development of Areas under The Expressways [Master Thesis]. Bangkok Thailand: Chulalongkorn University; 2003. (In Thai)
Suwansung K, Chaiyot C, Rimnate W, Nokkaew N. A Satisfaction study for bikeway users along Klong Rungsit (Klong 3-5). Journal of Engineering, RMUTT 2008;12:27-39. (In Thai)
Assawabunyalert J. Why do Thai people not use bicycles? In: 1st Bike and Walk Forum. Bangkok, Thailand; 2013. (In Thai)
Rotchanatham N, Supapipat S. Development of Infrastructure for Bicycle Users in Bangkok’s Public Transportation System. In: 4th Bike and Walk Forum. Bangkok, Thailand; 2016.
Pittangnapho V. Factors Affecting the Decision on Bicycle Daily Uses in Thailand for Bike Users. 1st Bike and Walk Forum. Bangkok, Thailand; 2013.
Kaewnark P, Vijitsrikamol K, Karnnasuta S. A Study of Bike Way Utilization on Bangkok Using Binary Logit Model. Journal of the Association of Researchers 2018;23(1):167-78.
Bakker S, Guillen MD, Nanthachatchavankul P. Cycling as a mobility option for ASEAN megacities. Developments in Bangkok and metro manila. GIZ; 2016.
Winters M, Buehler R, Götschi T. Policies to promote active travel: Evidence from reviews of the literature. Current Environmental Health Reports [Internet]. 2017;4(3):278-85. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40572-017-0148-x
Mateu G, Sanz A. Public policies to promote sustainable transports: Lessons from Valencia. Sustainability [Internet]. 2021;13(3):1141. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.3390/su13031141
Moving toward active transportation: How policies can encourage walking and bicycling [Internet]. Activelivingresearch.org. [cited 2022 Sep 6]. Available from: https://activelivingresearch.org/sites/activelivingresearch.org/files/ALR_Review_ActiveTransport_January2016.pdf
Hull A, O’Holleran C. Bicycle infrastructure: can good design encourage cycling? Urban, Planning and Transport Research [Internet]. 2014;2(1):369-406. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21650020.2014.955210
Martin A, Suhrcke M, Ogilvie D. Financial incentives to promote active travel: an evidence review and economic framework. American Journal of Preventive Medicine [Internet]. 2012;43(6):e45-57. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2012.09.001
Pucher J, Buehler R. Cycling towards a more sustainable transport future. Transport Reviews [Internet]. 2017;37(6):689-94. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/ 01441647.2017.1340234
Copyright (c) 2022 Kasem Bundit University
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The article has been published in Kasem Bundit Engineering Journal (KBEJ) is the copyright of the Kasem Bundit University. Do not bring all of the messages or republished except permission from the university.
If the article is published as an article that infringes the copyright or has the wrong content the author of article must be responsible.