Chemical composition and toxicity of peel of native species mango in Sa Kaeo province against Spodoptera litura

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Parinthorn Temyarasilp
Poonnanan Phankaen


               The purpose of this research was to study the phytochemical and antioxidation capacities obtained from peels of mango which is a native species in Sa Kaeo province, Thailand. peels was sequentially extracted with hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and methanol. The results indicated that there are 4 groups of phytochemical compounds found in peel extracts, which were flavonoids, coumarins, tannins and terpenoids. Leave extracts had higher the total compound content than peel extracts. The total phenolic content and  total tannins content had higher in the ethyl acetate solvent were 403.10 ± 0.02 mg GAE/g and 330.78 ± 0.02 mg TAE/g, respectively. For,total flavonoids content had higher the dichloromethane solvent was 255.11 ± 0.02 mg QE/g. However, the antioxidant activity obtained from DPPH method in peels of mango was highest in methanol solvent with EC50 value was 4.38 ± 0.03  μg/ml. Moreover, compounds were identified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Peel extract in ethyl acetate solvent was found only gallic acid, not found Mangiferin. The toxicity of peels of mango crude extract in control Spodoptera litura was conducted in the laboratory by topical application method. The result showed that ethyl acetate solvent was highest effective to cause  S. litura die. The  LC50 values at 24 and 48 hour were 2,392.14± 0.13 and 1,580.26 ± 0.12 ppm, respectively. The overall findings suggested that leaves and peels of mango from Sa Kaeo province, could be further studied to be used as an antioxidant for functional foods and could be used in planning insect pests control for reducing chemical use in control insect pests.


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Temyarasilp P, Phankaen P. Chemical composition and toxicity of peel of native species mango in Sa Kaeo province against Spodoptera litura. J Appl Res Sci Tech [Internet]. 2023 Mar. 13 [cited 2023 Dec. 6];22(1):13-26. Available from:
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Poonnanan Phankaen, Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University under the Royal Patronage, THAILAND



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