• Puttapol Yingyong Faculty of Engineering at Kamphaengsaen, Kasetsart University Campus Kamphaengsaen
  • Wisuwat Taesombat Faculty of Engineering at Kamphaengsaen, Kasetsart University Campus Kamphaengsaen
  • Duangnapa Vanichsan Faculty of Science and Technology, Nakhon Pathom Rajabhat University



Kaeng Krachan dam, Dam failures, HEC-RAS model


This study aimed to analyze the occurrence of flooding caused by the Kaeng Krachan dam failures using HEC-RAS model. The initial water level at the normal storage level at +99.00 m (MSL) and the probable maximum flood were selected as the inflow of the reservoir which determines. For the case study of the failure characteristics of the dam, it is divided into two types such as overtopping and piping failures. The results of the study showed that the calibration and verification of the HEC-RAS model in from 2018 to 2021 passed the criteria, comprised of the r value was between 0.95-0.99 and the RMSE value was between 24-43 m3/s. The Manning's n values of the Phetchaburi River both in the river and floodplain were 0.033-0.050 and 0.500, respectively. While, the most probable case of dam failure is the case of the overtopping of the second dam of the low hill, which will cause a maximum flow rate of 6,650 m3/s, flooding area of 818 km2 or approximately 511,250 rai, the flood period is about 3 days, The affected areas were in the Lower Phetchaburi river basin, namely Kaeng Krachan district, Ban Lat district, Tha Yang district, Ban Laem district, Cha-Am district, Khao Yoi district, Nong Ya Plong district and Muang Phetchaburi district with a total of 485 villages, 78 sub-districts, 8 districts, 1 municipality. The travel time of the water from Kaeng Krachan dam to Petchaburi town, it takes about 16 hours. The results of the study suggest evacuation points in order to be able to prepare plans for the emergency flood situation that will occur. It had a total of 13 points and could support 200 to 500 victims.


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How to Cite

Yingyong , P. ., Taesombat, W., & Vanichsan, D. . (2023). AN ANALYSIS OF FLOODING DUE TO THE KAENG KRACHAN DAM FAILURES. Life Sciences and Environment Journal, 24(1), 135–148.



Research Articles