Life Sciences and Environment Journal 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Assoc. Prof. Dr.Thunwadee Srithawirat Open Journal Systems <p>Life Sciences and Environment Journal is a peer-reviewed journal of Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University. The published articles cover 1. Agricultural and ฺBiological sciences 2. Environmental Sciences 3. Health Sciences and 4. Multidisciplinary sciences. The journal is indexed in TCI&nbsp; and ACI.</p> <p>Two issues are published a year (January-June and July-December).</p> <p>Online ISSN 2730-3527</p> <p>Print ISSN 2773-9201</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> RELATIONSHIP OF AQUATIC ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS AND PHYTOPLANKTON DENSITY IN PARKMENG ESTUARY, SIKAO DISTRICT, TRANG PROVINCE 2022-01-28T12:19:18+07:00 Kieattisak Yokseng Patchara Pedpradab <p> Parkmeng Estuary is located in Siako District area, Trang Province, the estuary is an important nursery area for marine life; however, port construction and tourist activities affect the estuarine environmental quality. It is necessary to study effect of those activities on the environment and biological qualities in this area. The relationships between aquatic environment parameters (AEP) and phytoplankton density in this estuary were investigated using the canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) method. The AEP was classified for two main seasons, monsoon (July-October) and summer seasons (November-April) by the unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean analysis with similarity scores of 98.79% and 98.18%. The inter-change period was May classified by CCA score at 99.54%. Two divisions, 11 families, 14 genera, and 17 species of phytoplankton were recorded in this study. The division Chromophyta showed the highest density (74.96%) followed by Cyanophyta (26.04%). Similar to AEP analysis, phytoplankton was classified as monsoon or summer species with CCA similarity scores of 74.28% and 55.00%, respectively. Phosphate, conductivity, silicates, pH, and temperature showed correlations to phytoplankton density with CCA variable scores of 0.84, 0.75, 0.74, 0.72, and 0.71, respectively. This study reveals that the density of <em>Triceratium</em> sp., <em>Rhizosolenia</em> sp., <em>Odontella</em> sp., and <em>Cyclotella stylorum</em> diatoms might be used as bio-indicators for the fluctuations of salinity and pH in this estuary. </p> 2022-09-08T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal OPTIMUM CONDITIONS OF USING BIO-EXTRACT FROM URINE WITH VINASSE AND MANURE AFFECTING YIELDS OF MARIGOLD 2021-12-28T13:27:52+07:00 Chakkrit Sreela-or Punnada Tharungsri Supawadee Yamkong Patthanun Kotam Prapasiri Jaipong <p>Factors affecting yields of marigold using fermented bio-extract from urine with vinasse and animal manure were analyzed by response surface methodology with a central composite design. The various concentrations of each bio-extract concentration and volume of bio-extract were investigated. The results revealed that the optimum conditions were bio-extract of 16.38 %v/v and volume of bio-extract of 40.13 mL/plant. Under the optimal conditions, the maximum flower number, flower size and flower fresh weight were found at 7.84 flowers/plant, <br />5.90 cm and 7.34 g/flower, respectively. The confirmation experiment under the optimal condition showed the flower number of 8.00 flowers/plant, flower size of 5.98 cm and flower fresh weight of 7.38 g/flower. The result was close to the predicted values by linear regression.</p> 2022-09-08T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal EFFECTS OF CASSAVA BASED INTERCROPS WITH THAI-MELON ON WEED CONTROL AND LAND USE EFFICIENCY 2022-02-15T16:42:49+07:00 Wimonsiri Sehawong Sayan Subepang <p>The purpose of this study was to study the effect of cassava monoculture and cassava-Thai melon intercrop and land use efficiency. The experimental plan was randomized complete block design (RCBD) three treatments, with three replications: mono cassava, cassava-Thai melon intercrop and mono Thai melon. The results showed that the cassava-Thai melon intercrop had no effect on height, leaf weight and fresh root weight. In addition, it was found that in all treatments, there were nine types of weeds. The densities of weeds in monoculture were significantly higher than that of intercrops. The results of Thai melon found that intercrops had a longer stem length than that of mono Thai melon, but the number of branches per plant in intercrops was less than mono Thai melonIn the intercropping, fruit weight was not statistically different from that of monoculture. However, cassava-Thai melon intercrop had higher land equivalent ratio (LER) than monoculture. In conclusion, Thai melons can be intercrop ped in cassava without affecting cassava yield and Thai melon yield. It also helps to mulch the soil in the early stages of cassava growth and reduce the number of weeds.</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal BINARY LOGISTIC REGRESSION ANALYSIS FOR THE RELATIONSHIP OF AN UNDERGRADUATE STUDY CHOICE AT PHIBUNSONGKHRAM RAJABHAT UNIVERSITY WITH VARIOUS FACTORS 2022-05-20T17:17:37+07:00 Saranya Thongsook Sophana Somran <p>Currently, the relationship studying of various factors affecting the choice of bachelor's degree in the university is a matter of interest from universities because of the continually rising competition in the higher education market. Therefore, this research is to study the construction of a binary logistic regression model for factors influencing the choice of undergraduate studies at Phibunsongkhram Rajabhat University. The results showed that choosing to study at the bachelor's degree at Phibunsongkhram Rajabhat University was related to the influence factors for decision making which came from a public relations university for an undergraduate education admission by using a public relations through a guidance teacher / website / billboard / radio or television (FIUP) and the influence factors for decision making which came from the university was recommended or supported by parents / relatives / teachers / seniors or friends. (FIRS). The model can be written as follows:</p> <p><img title="P(\widehat{Y}=1) = \frac{\mathrm{} e-3.76+0.97*FLUP+0.73*FLRS}{\mathrm{1} +E-3.76+0.97*FLRS+0.73*FIRS}" src="\widehat{Y}=1)&amp;space;=&amp;space;\frac{\mathrm{}&amp;space;e-3.76+0.97*FLUP+0.73*FLRS}{\mathrm{1}&amp;space;+E-3.76+0.97*FLRS+0.73*FIRS}" /></p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal GREENHOUSE SOLAR DRYER FOR DRYING ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA HERB 2022-04-11T15:05:03+07:00 Jagrapan Piwsaoad Chayapat Phusampao <p>This work presents an experimental performance of a greenhouse solar dryer for drying Andrographis paniculata herb. The dryer consists of a polycarbonate sheet covered on a concrete floor. The dryer is 9 m in width, 24 m in length and 4 m in height. Nine 15-W DC fans powered by two 50-W PV modules were used to ventilate the dryer. The dryer was used to dry 15 batches of Andrographis paniculata herb to investigate its performance. For each batch, 50 kilograms of Andrographis paniculata herb were dried in the dryer. Results obtained from the experiments showed that drying temperatures varied from 32<sup>๐</sup>C to 65<sup>๐</sup>C. In addition, the drying time for drying Andrographis paniculata herb was 1 day, compared to 3 days required for natural sun drying. Andrographis paniculata herb dried in the dryer were completely protected from rain and high-quality Andrographis paniculata herb were obtained. In addition, a neural network model was also studied. They are divided into two types: Type 1 (5:10:5:1) and Type 2 (5:10:5:3:2:1). The variables used in the model are solar radiation intensity, air temperature, air relative humidity, and airflow rate. Numerical solutions were obtained using C<sup>++</sup> programming. The results showed that the moisture content of Andrographis paniculata herb calculated from the model was consistent with the measurement results. Type 1 (<em>RMSD</em>) was 5.2% and <em>R<sup>2</sup></em> was 0.9715, and Type 2 (<em>RMSD</em>) is 4.5% and <em>R<sup>2</sup></em> is 0.9822.</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal EFFECT OF SEEDING AGE AT TRANSPLANTING AND WATER REGIMES ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF RICE CV. PHITSANULOK 2 2022-04-16T14:21:54+07:00 Karun Phungbunhan Chanirat Phungbunhan <p>This research aims to study the effect of seeding age at transplanting and water regimes on the growth and yield of rice cv. Phitsanulok 2. There are two factors: age at transplanting and water regimesThe treatments consisted of four seedling transplanting ages (7, 14, 21 and 28 days) and water regimes with two different methods including flooding and sprinkler. According to the study of age at transplanting, there were no significant differences in height, tiller/plant, grains/panicles, filled grains (%), unfilled grains (%), and 1000-grain weight. In water regimes, there were no significant differences in grains/panicles and yield (g/hill). Interaction between age at transplanting and water regimes, there were significant differences in height, tiller/plant, panicles/hills, filled grain (%), unfilled grain (%), 1,000-grain weight and yield (g/hill).</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal AN ANALYSIS OF THE FACTORS AFFECTING THE DECISION TO PURCHASE SUNSCREEN PRODUCTS 2022-04-22T11:57:50+07:00 Krieng Kitbumrungrat <p>The objectives of the research were: 1) to analyze the components of decision making to purchase sunscreen products and 2) to study factors influencing decision making to purchase sunscreen products in Bangkok. Using the data for analyzing and planning to increase sales as a guideline for entrepreneurs' marketing re-strategies. This study is an quantitative research using a survey research method. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data including, mean, percentage, and standard deviation, whereas inferential statistics were factor analysis and multiple regression analysis. The results revealed that two factors of the marketing mix affecting the decision to purchase sunscreen products were distribution and advertising channels, as well as product and price factors, respectively.</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal ANALOGY THEORY OF MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICS MODELING OF THE TERMINAL VELOCITY AND KINETIC ENERGY OF THE 5000 METRES SPRINT VIA NEWTON’S SECOND LAW 2022-03-18T13:42:02+07:00 Sriprai Seekao Piyarat Moonsri Artit Hutem <p>In this work, mathematics and physics modeling for the 5,000 meters sprint was developed. We established a model, velocity time-dependent and kinetic energy time-dependent, for the sprint in the 5,000 meters as a function of mathematics. Substitute force time-dependent for the sprint that 3 types of the runner in the 5,000 meters into Newton's second law. In general, we used the first-order linear in-homogeneous ordinary differential equation for evaluation of the velocity depending on time and kinetic energy depending on time for the sprint in the 5,000 meters. Then the best model of force time-dependent was the modeling of 3 types. The correlation coefficient by the experiment data and the motion model 3 was 0.93, thus more than model 1 (0.89) and model 2 (0.92). In terms of biological capacity of the long-distance sprinter’s lungs, it tended to increase in the oxygen gas containment area and pulmonary capacity.</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal THE INFECTION OF LARVAL TREMATODES IN POND SNAIL, FILOPALUDINA MARTENSI MARTENSI FROM CHIANG MAI PROVINCE 2022-03-11T10:32:27+07:00 Thitichai Arttra Pheravut Wongsawad Chalobol Wongsawad Preeyaporn Butboonchoo <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate the diversity and epidemic situation of larval trematodes in <em>Filopaludina martensi martensi</em>. The snails were collected from four sampling sites in the Hang Dong (Nong Kaeo and Harn Kaeo sub-districts) and Chom Thong districts (Ban Luang and Khuang Pao sub-districts), Chiang Mai province between February and December 2020. The results show that the highest % prevalence was found in the Harn Kaeo sub-district (18.52%), and the highest intensity was found in the Ban Luang sub-district (38,610.89), and the highest abundance was found in the Harn Kaeo sub-district (4,373.7). The morphology of larval trematodes was categorized using a compound microscope; sporocyst (sporocyst of xiphidiocercaria), four types of cercariae (xiphidiocercaria, cercariaeum cercaria, echinostome cercaria, and furcocercous cercaria), and two species of metacercariae (<em>Echinostoma revolutum</em> and <em>Thapariella anastomusa</em>). <br />In addition, the results show the cercaria that may be new species was cercariaeum cercaria and a new locality of strigea cercaria (furcocercous cercaria type) in the Chiang Mai province. In future research, the combination of traditional and molecular methods could be used to identify the cercariae species in <em>F. martensi martensi</em>. The data in this study may be useful for the control, prevention, and further monitoring of human and animal hygiene in the Chiang Mai province.</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal EVALUATION OF HEAVY METALS CONTAMINATION AND BIOACCUMULATION IN CITRUS MAXIMA (CITRUS MAXIMA (BURM.) MERRILL) IN PHO PRATHAP CHANG SUB-DISTRICT, PHO PRATHAP CHANG DISTRICT, PHICHIT PROVINCE 2022-05-26T12:28:28+07:00 Suphinya Phiromchom Suphinya Junrak Piyada Wachirawongsakorn <p>This study analyzed and assessed the heavy metal contaminations and bioaccumulation factors including lead, copper and zinc in soil and three citrus maxima varieties, namely Khaw-Taengkwa, Tha-Khoi and Thong-Dee in Pho Prathap Chang Sub-district, Pho Prathap Chang District, Phichit Province. Soil and Citrus maxima samples were collected in the same garden by random sampling of 10 gardens of each variety, with a total of 30 gardens (Three soil samplings under canopy were collected from 15 citrus maxima trees per garden and citrus maxima samplings were collected 2 samples per garden). Lead, copper and zinc contents in soil and citrus maxima samples were analyzed by using the Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The results showed that the averages of lead copper and zinc contents in garden’s soils of all citrus maxima varieties were within the soil quality standards set by the Department of Land Development. For heavy metal contaminations in citrus maximaes, lead contents in Khaw-Taengkwa, Tha-Khoi and Thong-Dee varieties were averaged 5.83±0.94, 6.40±3.56 and 9.95±2.84 mg/kg, exceeding the WHO permissible limits with 65%, 55% and 75%, respectively. <br />The copper contents exceeded the standard limit only in Tha-Khoi variety with 25%. The amount of zinc contamination was within the standard limit in all citrus maxima varieties. The bio-accumulation factor (BAF) of lead, copper and zinc in all three citrus maxima varieties were less than 1, which were considered these citrus maximaes have a low ability to transport these heavy metals from the soil to accumulate in citrus maxima fruits.</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal THE EFFECT OF WEATHER ON PM2.5 IN BANGKOK AREA AND BANGKOK METROPOLITAN REGION USING MACHINE LEARNING 2022-07-02T21:27:44+07:00 Chanidapa Winalai Satawat Nanthasen Sudarat Chadsuthi <p>The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of five weather variables (temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, wind speed, and STP) on the particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) concentrations and to apply a long short-term memory model (LSTM) in order to predict PM2.5 concentrations from these weather variables. We used the PM2.5 data from the Pollution Control Department (Thai Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment) and weather variables data from the Global Surface Summary of the Day (GSOD) in the area of study (Bangkok area and Bangkok Metropolitan Region). We hypothesized that weather variables relate to PM2.5 concentrations and could be used to predict the concentrations of PM2.5. The results showed that temperature and precipitation could be used to predict PM2.5 concentrations. We also found that a more accurate model can be obtained by using data of predictor variations over the same period.</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal STUDENTS' SATISFACTION ON HYBRID LEARNING OF ANIMATION MAJOR UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN CHENGDU, CHINA 2022-06-10T13:57:07+07:00 Limei Niu Athipat Cleesuntorn <p>The study was designed to explore factors influencing the satisfaction of animation undergraduates from Chengdu universities with hybrid learning. First, the conceptual framework in the study was based on three-tier use the model (3-TUM) and the information systems (IS) success model, including Self-efficacy (SE), System quality (SYQ), Information quality (IQ), Service quality (SQ), Perceived value (PV) and Satisfaction (SAT). It also presented relationships between influencing factors in the model. The researcher took an approach of judgement and quota samplings to verify the model by drawing 497 animation undergraduates from three public universities in Chengdu for quantitative research, with questionnaires to collect data. Second, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation model (SEM) were employed for data analysis, including goodness of fit, validity and reliability of structure. The criterion for model fit index was CMIN/DF&lt;3.00, GFI≥0.90, AGFI≥0.80, RMSEA&lt;0.05, CFI≥0.90, NFI≥0.90, TLI≥0.90. Model fit indexes of the adjusted CFA and SEM are within such standards. The above analysis contributed to the extent of influencing relations between various factors: service quality had the biggest positive effect on animation undergraduates’ satisfaction with hybrid learning with standardized path coefficient value of 0.429 (t=9.058***) and had the minimal impact on perceived value as marked by standardized path coefficient being 0.182 (t=3.962***). Perceived value has a direct implication for satisfaction, as evidenced by the standardized path coefficient of 0.275 (t=6.357***). Self-efficacy had a positively strong implication for students’ satisfaction with hybrid learning, which served as the second-leading factor influencing satisfaction with a standardized path coefficient of 0.379 (t=9.398***). Meanwhile, students’ satisfaction with hybrid learning was influenced by information quality and system quality, with the standardized path coefficient of 0.316 (t=8.128***) and 0.264 (t=6.053***) respectively. The study revealed that we need to take into account factors influencing students’ satisfaction with hybrid learning in ways that make their learning more enjoyable. Learning atmosphere for hybrid learning must be refined for better effect and satisfaction.</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal CHINESE-ENGLISH MOBILE APPLICATIONS FOR COMMUNICATION OF HEAL MASSAGE PERSONNEL TO ENHANCE EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES: CASE STUDY OF CHA-AM AND HUA-HIN AREAS 2022-06-20T12:43:31+07:00 Kornkamon Thanarotrungrueang Siriporn Uamsiri Kannika Talalak Thamolwan Tubbueng <p>The purposes of this research were 1) to gather a body of knowledge on health massage, 2) to survey the needs for application development in various aspects of health massage personnel, 3) to design and develop mobile applications and 4) to evaluate Chinese and English for communication in health massage after using the mobile application. The sample group was 100 health massage personnel. The Statistics used to analyze were frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation, and the assessment criteria for communication in four skills after using the mobile application. The result found that 1) gathering a body of knowledge on health massage in three languages consisted of two parts; essential communication skills and a body of knowledge in the aspect of health massage, 2) the needs for application development in all aspects of health massage personnel were at a high level <br />( <img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}" />=4.36), 3) the design and development of mobile applications worked on the Android operating a system were developed as system development life cycle (SDLC). Flutter was used to develop applications by using web view and language program HTML pho and vue.js to connect the database My SOLi by choosing various internal elements. The heading, text, and audio are in Thai, English and Chinese. Google Maps was connected to show and search for locations of massage establishments. Google Translate was connected to translating the languages. 4) The result of listening skills was at the highest level, followed by English language skills in other aspects, Chinese listening skills, and other Chinese skills respectively.</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal FLUVIAL GEOMORPHOLOGY IN MAE RIM BASIN 2022-07-18T08:51:35+07:00 Baicha Wongtui <p>This research aimed to investigate the spatial context of the Mae Rim River Basin, study the types of geomorphologies and classification caused by the fluvial process of the Mae Rim River, and create a geomorphology map of the study area. The study area is located in Mae Rim River basin in Saluang Sub district, Mae Rim District, and San Pa Yang Sub district, Mae Taeng District, Chiang Mai Province. Topography was analyzed using 30-meter SRTM 1 Arc-Second Global high-level numerical model data. Then the Topographic Position Index (TPI) was calculated using SAGA GIS. The results showed that more than 60% of the studied areas are mountainous and hilly terrain. Its sloping towards the east. The elevation is from 340 - 1440 meters above sea level. Most of the rock units are sedimentary and metamorphic and igneous rocks. The sediments of the riverbeds and the stream sediments were found in the eastern plain. The main river is the Mae Rim River. In terms of geomorphology, there are 10 types of geomorphology, including areas of open slope, plains, mild slope ridges, mild slope drainages, valleys, upper slopes, high ridges, streams, upland drainages, and local ridges. </p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING (SEM) THAT INFLUENCE THE MANAGEMENT EFFICIENCY OF ELECTRONIC INDUSTRY EXECUTIVE 2022-07-04T12:24:40+07:00 Kwanruan Rusmee Chertchai Thurapaeng Vanvisa Chutchavong <p>This research aims to 1) identify the relationship between human resource management (HRM) practices, and motivational and efficiency of management, and 2) analyze the structural equation modeling (SEM) of factors that affect the efficiency of management of electronics industry management performance, The study used random samples from electronic industry executives 460 persons. The research tool included observation from the tool with reliability of 0.858. Data from the observation from were analyzed by using percentages, arithmetic mean, standard deviation and structural equation modeling (SEM). The research results revealed the following: <br />1) The relationship of variables, motivation factors, hygiene factors (HF) and human resource management (HRM), was statistically positively correlated with electronics industry management performance, with statistical significance at the .01 level. <br />2) Structural equation modeling (SEM)of factors influencing the efficiency of management (EFF) of electronics industry management performance was consistent with empirical data (Chi-square = 68.185, Chi-square/df = 1.337, df = 51, p = .069, GFI = .992, CFI = .996, RMR = .032, RMSEA = .037). The incentive variables, support variables, and human resource management explain the variance in the efficiency of electronic industry management by 91.10%.</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal CHEMICAL COMPOSITIONS, ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTI-GLYCATION ACTIVITIES OF BERRY FRUIT TEA INFUSIONS 2022-08-01T08:59:43+07:00 Nachakanok Methaakkharadecha Saowalak Yoopech Anong Srisopa <p>This research aimed to prepare 4 types of berry tea i.e. blackberry, cranberry, raspberry and mulberry. The chemical composition, antioxidant and anti-glycation activities in berry tea infusions were determined. Samples of fresh berries were freeze-dried, ground into a fine powder and infused in hot water at 90-100oC for 3 min. The total phenolic content was assessed based on the Folin-Ciocalteu method. The antioxidant activity was studied by DPPH free radical scavenging method and ferric-reducing antioxidant power. The anti-glycation activity was studied using a spectrofluorophotometer. <br />Main phenolic compounds were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. Mulberry fruit tea showed the highest content of phenolic (24.45 mg GAE/g DW), DPPH free radical scavenging activity (94.49 %) and anti-glycation activity (75.83 %). The main phenolic acids found in mulberry tea were gallic acid, chlorogenic acid and coumaric acid (0.38, 0.64, 2.42 mg/g, respectively). The propose fruit tea could be an alternative to make use of berries which were valuable sources of phenolic compounds, antioxidant and anti-glycation that could result in age-related alterations.</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal ANALYSIS OF FACTORS INFLUENCING THE EFFICIENCY INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT OF AUTOMOTIVE PARTS MANUFACTURING COMPANIES 2022-07-26T13:09:00+07:00 Jittimaporn Chaisuwan Chertchai Thurapaeng Tongtan Tonglim <p>This research aims to 1) analyze influencing factors classified by OEM and REM manufacturers and 2) use weight analysis to confirm and prioritize the influencing factors. The results of the exploratory factor analysis, cumulative variance of 65.22%, component weights were 0.440–0.864. The extraction of the factors 6 aspects (5M1E): human resource management, ( = 3.82, S.D. = 0.76), raw material management ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}" />= 3.85, S.D. = 0.63), (<img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}" /> = 3.82, S.D. = 0.76), process management (<img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}" /> = 3.79, S.D. = 0.65), machinery and equipment in operation ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}" />= 3.77, S.D. = 0.68), performance evaluation (<img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}" /> = 3.82, S.D. = 0.66), and work environment (<img title="\bar{x}" src="\bar{x}" /> =3.76, S.D. = 0.70) were at a high level. The model was harmonious with the empirical data Chi–Square = 768.620, df = 709.0, Sig. = 0.060 &gt; 0.05 and CMIN/df. = 1.084 &lt; 2.0. The index analysis was consistent and the statistical value, Comparative Fit Index (CFI) = 0.998 &gt; 0.90, Goodness of Fit Index (GFI) = 0.944 &gt; 0.90, Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI) = 0.899 &gt; 0.80, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) = 0.013 &lt; 0.05, Normed Fit Index (NFI) = 0.973 &gt; 0.90, Incremental Fit Index (IFI) = 0.998 &gt; 0.90, and Root Mean Square Residual (RMR) = 0.047 &lt; 0.05.</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal COUNSELOR EMPATHY AND COUNSELOR PERFORMANCE: THE MEDIATION ROLE OF COUNSELING SELF-EFFICACY AMONG CHINESE COUNSELORS 2022-08-19T09:00:24+07:00 Lijuan Yang Yanbin Jia <p>This structural equation modeling (SEM) study aimed to investigate the relationship between counselor empathy and counselor performance, and inquire the mediating effect of counseling self-efficacy. Two sequential quantitative studies were employed to achieve the aim. Chinese counselors were recruited from several universities in Guangzhou city by using convenience and snowball sampling techniques. Data were collected using the online questionnaire approach. In study 1, a self-assessing counseling performance tool, the Counselor Evaluation Rating Scale (CERS), was translated into Chinese by following a series translation procedure. The reliability and validity were evaluated in two different groups of samples. Specifically, an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was conducted on 217 Chinese counselors (28.11%men). A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was then conducted on another sample of 244 Chinese counselors (27.46% men) to evaluate construct validity. Study 2 investigated the structural relationship and mediation effect among Chinese counsellors (n = 244) using SEM approach. The results are: 1. The 20-item Chinese CERS exhibited excellent internal consistency (α= .90) and adequate three-first-order construct validity among Chinese counselors (χ2/<em>df</em> = 1.63; p &lt; .001; CFI = .90; TLI = .92; RMSEA = .05). 2. The model evaluation and comparison results supported all the hypotheses in the current study. The findings revealed a positive and significant relationship between counselor empathy and counselor performance. Counselor self-efficacy has been implicated in this study as a crucial mediator between counselor empathy and performance.</p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal THE RECOMMENDATION OF HEALTHY TOURISM ROUTES FOR ELDERLY IN KHAOKHO DISTRICT, PHETCHABUN PROVINCE BY USING ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS 2022-08-23T10:24:13+07:00 Yupa Kumtapol Thinaphan Nithiyuwith Tassanan Treenuntharath <p>This research aimed 1) to survey information on routes and deciding factors of health tourism attractions in Khaokho District, Phetchabun Province 2) to develop a health tourism guidance system for the elderly in Khaokho District, Phetchabun Province by using an analytical hierarchical process method and 3) to assess the effectiveness of the system. The samples for collecting data were 10 health tourism specialists and elderly tourists selected by the purposive sampling method for collecting knowledge and assessing AHP application and 50 elderly tourists for assessing satisfaction with the AHP application. The research instruments for collecting data were the questionnaire for surveying the route data and decision factors, the questionnaire for assessing the tourism route selection by the system and the specialists, and the questionnaire for assessing the users’ satisfaction with the system. The statistics for analyzing data used frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation and content analysis. The results showed 7 destinations for the health tourism route. AHP model for decision making was divided into 3 levels based on the 5ASM concept as 7 criteria. The system development consisted of 3 functions; inserting and calculating the weights, ranking the suitable tour places for the elderly, and showing the tour places information. The system showed that the ranking of tourism routes/ places has accuracy by the specialists for the 3 rankings at 75% and the 5 rankings at 71.43%. The users have satisfaction with the system in overview at a high level. </p> 2022-09-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Life Sciences and Environment Journal