• Punnada Tharungsri Faculty of Food and Agricultural Technology, Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University
  • Chatchawin Nualsri Faculty of Food and Agricultural Technology, Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University
  • Khongdet Phasinam Faculty of Food and Agricultural Technology, Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University
  • Thanwamas Kassanuk Faculty of Food and Agricultural Technology, Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University
  • Chakkrit Sreela-or Faculty of Food and Agricultural Technology, Pibulsongkram Rajabhat University




Water hyacinth, Residual waste, Green oak lettuce


A study of the effect of fermented water hyacinth and residual waste on germination and growth of Green oak lettuce aims to efficiently produce seedling media and substrate media for substituting imported media. Completely Randomized Design (CRD) of 7 treatments with 3 replications were assigned: Treatment 1 soil (control), Treatment 2 peat moss, Treatment 3-7 fermented water hyacinth and residual waste formula 1-5. The results revealed that fermented water hyacinth and residual waste from all 5 formulas presented statistical significance in germination and growth, especially in the formula 2. It is suitable for seedling media, providing the highest germination percentage and germination index. Moreover, the formula 5 is suitable for the production of substrate media as it provided the highest growth on plant height, canopy width, leaves number, root length and fresh weight.


Bhapprasert Y. Production of water hyacinth pots. Research division. Department of science service, ministry of higher education, science, research and innovation, Bangkok: Department of Science Service; 2001.

Bryson GM, Mills HA. Plant Analysis: Athens: Handbook IV; 2015.

Bukari NI, Ghani IA, Mustaffa M, Harun A, Abdullah HbA, Abdullah HS. et al. The Effect of Cricket (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) Frass on the Growth of Leafy Vegetables. ASM Science Journal 2021; 14(1):175-181.

Danpaiboon T. Suitable soil and fertilizer ingredients for nursery materials. Available at: http://www. technologychaoban.com/news_detail.php?tnid=618. Accessed May 15, 2021.

Duangphattra J. Seed technology. Bangkok: n.p.; 1986.

Forcella F, Benech Arnold RL, Sanchez R, Ghersa CM. Modeling seedling emergence. Field Crops Research 2000;67(2):123-139.

Jakkrapong K. Seed coating with plant nutrients on seed germination and seedling vigour. King Mongkut's Agricultural Journal 2020;38(3):417-425.

Kasemsub S. Flowering pot plants. Bangkok: Aksorn pittaya publisher; 1981.

Kietnontapat N, Arunrungsi C. Soil base media for the seedling growth and root emergence of gac fruit. Agricultural Science Journal 2012;43(2):305-308.

Land Development Department. Manual for Analysis of Plant Fertilizer and Soil Amendment. Bangkok: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives; 2010.

Lee YH. Comparison of media for seed germination and seed growth. Nanyang University Journal 1974;8(9):101-106.

Llorach R, Martinez - Sanchez A, Tomas - Barberan FA, Gil MI, Ferreres F. Characterisation of polyphenols and antioxidantproperties of five lettuce varietiesand escarole. Food Chem 2008;108(3):1028-1038.

Nonthakit I. Planting in medias. Department of soil science. Bangkok: Faculty of Agricultural Technology. King Monkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang; 2012.

Osuna D, Prieto P, Aguilar M. Control of seed germination and plant development by carbon and nitrogen availability. Frontiers in Plant Science 2015;6:1-14.

Paekum C, Khitka B, Titayavan M, Nuangmek W. Investigation of plant nutrient from water hyacinth compost by biodegradation with Trichoderma sp. isolate UPPY19. Khon Kaen agriculture journal 2014;42(1):671-676.

Polruksa S, Wibuloutai J, Nienvitoon T. The decomposting from water hyacinth mixed with manure dropping and bio-catalyst. Journal of Environmental Management 2009;6(1):97-108.

Rubio-Asensio JS, Rachmilevitch S, Bloom AJ. Responses of arabidopsis and wheat to rising CO2 depend on nitrogen source and nighttime CO2 levels. Plant Physiology 2015;168(1):156-163.

Sillaprasuwannachai W. 100 years; water hyacinth arrived in Siam. Art & Culture Magazine 2001;23:52-55.

Sirinil K, Thepsilvisut O. Development of soil-based growing media for green oak lettuce production. Khon Kaen Agriculture Journal 2020;48(5):990-1001.

Sittijunda S, Tharangsri P, Nualsri C, Sreela-or C. Effects of compost from hythane production from stilage and brewer’s yeast cells co-digested of organic materials on growth and yield of Chainese Kale. PSRU Journal of Science and Technology 2020;5(1):31-40.

Sivanesan I, Son MS, Lim CS, Jeong BR. Effect of soaking of seeds in potassium silicate and uniconazole on germination and seedling growth of tomato cultivars, seogeon and seokwang. African Journal of Biotechnology 2011;10(35):6743-6749.

Soares MM, Sediyama T, Neves JCL, Júnior HCS, Silva LJ. Nodulation, growth and soybean yield in response to seed coating and split application of phosphorus. Journal of Seed Science 2016; 38(1):30-40.

Sooksawat M. Flower and ornamrntal medias. Agricultural Handbook, Bangkok: Home and Garden Publishing House; 2004.

Sotolu AO. Management and utilization of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) for improved aquatic resources. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 2010;8(1):1-8.

Supinrach S, Supinrach I. Effect of substrate media on growth performance of leaf lettuce. Agricultural Science Journal 2018;49(1):47-52.

Wirawan R, Sapuan SM, Yunus R, Abdan K. Properties of sugarcane bagasse/poly(vinyl chloride) composites after various treatments. Journal of composite materials 2011;45(16):1667-1674.

Yang W. Effect of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer on growth and seed germination of Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medikus. Journal of Plant Nutrition 2018;41(5):636-644.

Zhu H, Frantz JM, Derksen RC, Krause CR. Investigation of drainage and plant growth from nursery container substrate. Applied Engineering in Agriculture 2007;23(3):289-297.




How to Cite

Tharungsri, P., Nualsri, C. ., Phasinam, K. ., Kassanuk , T. ., & Sreela-or, C. (2022). EFFECT OF FERMENTED WATER HYACINTH AND RESIDUAL WASTE ON GERMINATION AND GROWTH OF GREEN OAK LETTUCE. Life Sciences and Environment Journal, 23(1), 196–207. https://doi.org/10.14456/lsej.2022.15



Research Articles