MUTILEVEL CAUSAL FACTORS INFLUENCING ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS FOR UNIVERSITIES IN THAILAND, LAOS AND CAMBODIA
Organizational effectiveness is important to the development of the university sectors in Thailand, Laos and Cambodia universities.The main objectives of the present study were: (i) to study causal factors influencing public organizational effectiveness for universities at the individual and departmental levels, and (ii) to test invariance of a multilevel causal analysis model of universities’ effectiveness among Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia. A total of samples were randomly multi-stage 1,200 students, 120 departments.The instrument used was a questionnaire of organizational effectiveness. Statistical analyses were made based on descriptive statistics and Multilevel Structural Equation Model (SEM). The results indicated that the proposed multilevel causal model of public organizational effectiveness for universities fitted reasonably well with the empirical data. The analysis also showed that at the individual level, the most important variable was the student personality development while at the departmental level, the most important variable was the staff employment satisfaction. However, organizational health was less important at both levels. Multilevel Structural Equation Model the organizational effectiveness of the public sector for universities in the region has variance the model. That is, the given model could explain a larger proportion of variance in Thai universities.
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