EXPERIENCE OF COUNSELLORS WORKING WITH LESBIAN, GAY, BISEXUAL AND TRANSGENDER CLIENTS IN THAILAND: A GROUNDED THEORY METHOD

  • Penthai Thewin +66 837603738
  • Ammaraporn Surakarn
  • Thasuk Janprasert
  • Narumol Prayai
Keywords: LGBT, counselling, Grounded Theory

Abstract

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) psychology has been studied and has evolved significantly since 1980. However, counselling competencies for LGBT individuals are still very much in discussion as to the different methods optimal to support LGBT individuals.  The purpose of this study was to explore counselling competencies perceived to be supportive and effective for LGBT clients by interviewing counselling professionals in Thailand who are actively involved with LGBT clients. Qualitative research was done using a Grounded Theory method as the technique to collect rich data over a ten-month period by intensive interviews. Using purposive and snowballing sampling techniques, twelve participants who work as professional counsellors with LGBT organizations in Pattaya, Chiangmai and Bangkok, were selected. The results analyzed from participants’ experiences show that ability, awareness, advocacy and self-development are four main categories of competency utilized for effective counselling in Thailand.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Association of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues in Counselling. Competency for Counselling with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Queer, Questioning, Intersex, and Ally Individuals. Available at: https://www.algbtic.org/competency.html. Accessed May 4, 2017.

Cari R. Yardley. Coming out and Coping: The Relationship to Faith and Spirituality. Faculty of the Graduate School of Psychology. Fuller Theological Seminary; 2010.

Charmaz K. Constructing Grounded Theory. Second edition. London: Sage Publication, 2014.

Charmaz K. The Power and Potential of Grounded Theory. A Journal of the BSA MedSoc Group. Medical Sociology Online. 2012, 6: 2-15.

Charoenpornwattana P. Workplace Spirituality in an Organization: A Grounded Theory Approach. Faculty of Education. Burapha University; 2015.

Christa Powell Raines. Mental Health Treatment Seeking Disparities among African American women. Capella University; 2015.

Clarke SJ. Ellis Elizabeth Peel, Damien W. Riggs. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans & Queer Psychology: An Introduction. New York. Cambridge University Press, 2010.

Creswell. JW. Qualitative inquiry & research design: Choosing among five approaches. 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks. CA: Sage; 2007.

Dudovskiy J. Snowball Sampling. Research Methodology. Available at: https://research-methodology. net/sampling-in-primary-data-collection/snowball-sampling. Accessed June 3, 2017.

Gena M. Minnix. Reconciling LGBT Affirmation with Christian Beliefs Among Mental Health Professional: A Grounded Theory. St. Mary’s University; 2015.

Gibbs J, Goldbach J. Religious Conflict, Sexual Identity, and Suicidal Behaviors among LGBT Young Adults. Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research. 2015: 472-488.

Guy Shilo, Ifat Yossef, Riki Savaya. Religious Coping Strategies and Mental Health Among Religious Jewish Gay and Bisexual Men. Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel Aviv University, 2015.

Hector Y. Adames, Nayeli Y. Chavez-Duenas. et al. Intersectionality in Psychotherapy: The Experiences of and AfroLatinx Queer Immigrant. Journal of Psychotherapy, 2018, 55: 73-79.

Ieamkong W. Impact of LGBT Movement in Thailand. Department of Government. Faculty of Political Science. Chulalongkorn University; 2010.

Jarernpanit T, Ma Q, Wang Y. The Gender Issues and Identities of the Young Tomboy and Lesbian in Chiangmai and Phitsanulok of Thailand. Rajabhat Journal of Sciences, Humanities & Social Sciences, 2019: 20(1); 172-184.

Kanoksilpdham H. Sexual diversity on perspectives of Christian and Buddhis ethics. Journal of Faculty of Art, Silpakorn University, 2013: 101-122.

Mahidol University, Plan organization, UNESCo Bangkok. Bullying Targeting Secondary School Students who are or are Perceived to Be Transgender or Same-Sex Attracted: Types, Prevalence, Impact, Motivation and Preventive Measures in 5 Provinces of Thailand, 2014. Available at: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002275/227518tha.pdf. Accessed May, 7, 2017.

Mark W. Charles. Effects of a Forgiveness Intervention on Lesbian and Gay Adolescents Hurt by Homophobia. The University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee; 2013.

Michael J. Senese. The Process of Development a Perceived Quality of Life for Those Living Together with Their Immediate Family: A Grounded Theory. Doctor of Philosophy. Capella University; 2012.

Miller J. Counsellor and Theological Identity Formation and the Ethic of Inclusion for lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual clients. Loyola University Maryland; 2014.

Ocha W. Rethink Gender: Negotiating Future Queer Rights in Thailand. Gender, Technology and Development, 2013, 17: 79-104.

Puckett J, Levitt H. Internalized Stigma Within Sexual and Gender Minorities: Change Strategies and Clinical Implications. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counselling. 2015: 329-349.

Sperry L. Core competency in counselling and psychotherapy: becoming a highly competent and effective therapist. Routledge Taylor & Francis Group. New York. USA; 2010.

UNDP, USAID. Being LGBT in Asia: The Thailand Country Report. Bangkok; 2014.
Published
2019-11-29
How to Cite
Thewin, P., Surakarn, A., Janprasert, T., & Prayai, N. (2019). EXPERIENCE OF COUNSELLORS WORKING WITH LESBIAN, GAY, BISEXUAL AND TRANSGENDER CLIENTS IN THAILAND: A GROUNDED THEORY METHOD. ife ciences and nvironment ournal, 20(2), 380-393. etrieved from https://ph01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/psru/article/view/201221
Section
Research Articles