WATER QUALITY ANALYSIS FOR RECREATIONAL WATERFALLS OF PHU RUEA NATIONAL PARK, LOEI PROVINCE

  • Sunanta Natakam มหาวิทยาลัยมหาสารคาม
  • Sunantha Laowansiri
Keywords: Phu Ruea National Park, water quality, waterfall, carrying capacity

Abstract

Phu Rua National Park is a tourist into use for activities is extremely allowing an increase of tourists to exceed the capacity of the area, which may cause problems in the management of natural resources of the park. The purpose of this research was to study the recreational carrying capacity in terms of waterfalls quality of Phu Ruea National Park water from the four waterfalls namely Huai Phai Waterfall, Hin Sam Chan Waterfall, Huai Toei Waterfall and Lead Phob Waterfall were collected by using grab sampling for the low visitor number period, medium visitor number period and high visitor number period. Water quality analysis parameters were Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Suspended Solids (SS), Temperature, pH, Turbidity and Total Coliform Bacteria. The result recreational carrying capacity in terms of waterfalls quality of Phu Ruea National Park found that the low visitor number period, medium visitor number period and high visitor number period of four waterfalls had high impact and exceeding recreational carrying capacity level for waterfall quality.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aimphan D. Carrying Capacity Course Materials 308511 Recreation and Nature Tourism. Department of Conservation, Faculty of Forestry. Kasetsart University, Bangkok Thailand, 2004.

Aimphan D, Yeemin T, Pattanakiat S. et al. Final Report Study Carrying Capacity of Mu Ko Surin National Park Phang Nga Province and Khao Leam Ya - Mu Ko Samet National Park Rayong Province Project. Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University, Bangkok Thailand present to Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, 2005.

Aimphan D, Yeemin T, Pattanakiat S, Somgleep N. et al. Final Report Study Carrying Capacity Tourism Coral Reef of Mu Ko Chang National Park Trat Province Project. Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University, Bangkok Thailand Present to UNEP GEF Project on Reversing Environmental Degradation Trends in the South China Sea and Gulf of Thailand (UNEP GEF SCS), 2007.

Aimphan D, Chimchome V, Sungkaew S. et al. Final Report Recreational Carrying Capacity in Terms of Waterfalls Quality of Phu Kradueng National Park. Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University, Bangkok Thailand Present to Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation, 2012.

AWWA, APHA, WPCF. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 20th ed. Washington D.C. APHA, 1998.

Laowansiri S. Recreational carrying capacity in terms of waterfalls quality of Phu Kradueng National Park. SDU Research Journal Sciences and Technology. 2013; 6(2): 139-152.

Phetyoo R, Benprom K. Analysis of Water Quality in Phu Kradueng National Park, Loei Province.
Faculty of Environment and Resource Studies, Mahasarakham University, 2012.

Phu Rua National Park Information. Phu Rua National Park, 2014. Available at: https://www.dnp.go.th/
parkreserve/forprint.asp?npid=33&lg=1. Accessed November 28, 2017.

Pollution Control Department. Water Quality Standards and Water Quality Standards in Thailand. Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment. Bangkok, 2000.

Shelby B, Heberlein TA. Carrying Capacity in Recreation Settings. Oregon State University Press. U.S.A., 1986.

Thanaphan N. Standard-Based Approaches to Carrying Capacity and Limits of Acceptable Change
(LAC). Course materials 308521 planning and design parks and recreation areas. Department of Conservation, Faculty of Forestry, Kasetsart University, Bangkok Thailand, 2004.

Wagar JA. The Carrying Capacity of Wild Lands for Recreation. Forest service mono graph 2. society of American foresters. Washington, D.C., 1964.

WTO & UNEP. Guidelines: Development of National Parks and Protected Areas for Tourism. Tourism and environment technical series. WTO/UNEP Joint Publication with the Assistance of IUCN., 1992.
Published
2018-09-23
How to Cite
Natakam, S., & Laowansiri, S. (2018). WATER QUALITY ANALYSIS FOR RECREATIONAL WATERFALLS OF PHU RUEA NATIONAL PARK, LOEI PROVINCE. ife ciences and nvironment ournal, 19(2), 358-368. etrieved from https://ph01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/psru/article/view/111606
Section
Research Articles