The Efficient Forecast of Demand Side Management for Flight Simulator Energy Management System

Main Article Content

กฤษณะ สุขดี
วัชระ วงค์ปัญโญ


This study aims to investigate the efficiency of the utilization of renewable energy, which plays a significant role in developing energy assurance and preventing the blackout damage to the Royal Thai Air Force (RTAF) flight simulator facility equivalent to that of the fighter F-22 of U.S. demonstrates. The United State Air National Guard has already applied the research of microgrid and Building Energy Management System (BEMS) to supply energy independently into its flight simulator system. However, this research's dissimilar environments are energy demand, microgrid location, Global Horizon Irradiation (GHI), and weather conditions, which affect the microgrid proficiency performs differently. In addition, ensuring the efficiency of energy-enabled and safe, the key to success for energy planning and management is the Efficiency Forecast of Demand Side Management (DSM) design for isolating the main grid's preliminary problem and increasing the cyber security level of RTAF energy. Consequently, the researcher selects the HOMER Pro® Microgrid Software, which is one of the global commercial microgrid standards for energy modeling tools and other distributed energy projects to simulate the DSM forecast to evaluate the microgrid design in Nanogrid level.

Article Details

How to Cite
สุขดี ก. และ วงค์ปัญโญ ว., “The Efficient Forecast of Demand Side Management for Flight Simulator Energy Management System”, Crma. J., ปี 18, ฉบับที่ 1, น. 106–119, ต.ค. 2020.


DBS Group Research-Equity, 2017. Thailand Power Industry. Asian Insights SparX. Printed 26 April 2017 . (Retrieved from (

EGAT (Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand), 2017. Gross Energy Generation and Purchase (by Type of Fuel), (Retrieved from information/statistical-data?view=article&id=78:gross-energy-generation-and-purchase-statistical&catid=15.

Chris Bread, Logica, 2010. Smart grids for Dummies-Logica Limited Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. England. Printed 2010 .(Retrieved from (https://www. Smart_Gridsfor_Dummies_201005.pdf, p. 37.

Royal Thai Air Force (RTAF), 2016. Smart Community project with smart grid enable. RTAF Energy Strategy plan 2010-2025 .(Retrieved from ( attachments/view/?attach_id=142241, p. 28

Royal Thai Air Force (RTAF), 2018. Smart Grid Seminar. RTAF Renewable Energy News .(Retrieved from( https://

Corrie Poland, Air Force Energy, 2020. Air Force Energy supports sustainable microgrid project .(Retrieved from ( -supports-sustainable-microgrid-project/.

Britta Buchholz, Dr., Global Product Manager Microgrids & Distributed Generation, ABB, 2016. Briefing: Affordable renewable microgrids for robust power supply Experiences and trends. PowerPoint., p. 11-17, 21, and 32

Adikanda Parida, 2016. A cost effective trade-off based renewable power augmented energy efficient load model for manufacturing industries for demand side management. Cogent Engineering .(Retrieved from ( 2016.1239299.

Anastasios Oulis Rousis, 2018. Design of a Hybrid AC/DC Microgrid Using HOMER Pro: Case Study on an Islanded Residential Application. 5.2 Discussion on the HOMER Pro Optimisation Platform. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

U.S. Department of Energy, 2018. Demand Response . (Retrieved from( technology-development/grid-modernization-and-smart -grid/demand-response.

Chris Bread, Logica, 2010. Smart grids for Dummies-Logica Limited Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. England . (Retrieved from ( Grids for_Dummies_201005.pdf, p. 50.

Homer Energy, 2018. Homer Pro: Efficiency Advance. (Retrieved from ( /pro/docs/3.11/efficiency_advanced.html.

Krzysztof Inewski, 2013. Smart Grid Infrastructure & Networking. Chapter 1: Demand-Side Energy Management. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., ISBN 978-0-07-178774-1, p. 7-10.

Wing 7 Royal Thai Air Force Base, 2016. (Retrieved from (

NREL: National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Glossary of Solar Radiation Resource Terms, 2017. GHI: Global Horizon Irradiation. (Retrieved from ( /solar/glossary/gloss_g.html.

SOLAGIS, 2013. Global Horizon Irradiation (GHI) map (Retrieved from (

Netherlands Embassy of Bangkok, 2016. Solar power in Thailand: Factsheet solar power of Thailand . (Retrieved from ( FACTSHEET-SOLAR-POWER-IN-THAILAND.pdf, p. 1-2.

FAA (The Federal Aviation Administration), 2013. Technical Guidance for Evaluating Selected Solar Technologies on Airports, p. 37-40.

Ho, Clifford, Cheryl Ghanbari, and Richard Diver, 2009. Hazard Analysis of Glint and Glare from Concentrating Solar Power Plants. SolarPACES. Berlin Germany. Sandia National Laboratories.

HOMER Energy LLC, 2016. The HOMER® Microgrid Software, (Retrieved from (https://www. products/pro/index.html.

Wikipedia, 2016. IPO (input-process-output) Model . (Retrieved from (

K. Iniewski, 2013. Chapter 2 The modernization of Distribution Automation featuring intelligent FDIR and Volt-Var optimization: DA Systems Architecture and Communication. Smart grid: infrastructure & networking The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., ISBN 978-0-07-178774-1, p. 23 -24.

S. Massoud Amin and Anthony M. Giacomoni, 2012. Smart Grid—Safe, Secure, Self-Healing. IEEE power and energy magazine . (Retrieved from (

Gray Creech, 2003. Digital Fly By Wire: Aircraft Flight Control Comes of Age. NASA Dryden Flight Research Center. (Retrieved from( earth/improvingflight/fly_by_wire.html.

Brian L. Magnuson, Colonel., United States Marine Corps, 2012. DoD Installation Energy Security: Evolving to a Smart Grid. Strategy Research Project. United States Army War College Class of 2012. Carlisle Barracks. Pennsyvania . (Retrieved from (( 561398, p.14.

T. Fredrickson, 2013. Bangkok post: South power restored after Thailand’s “worst-ever” blackout (updated) . (Retrieved from( learning-news/351298/south-power-restored-after-thailand-s-worst-ever-blackout.

Minister of Ministry of Energy, 2013. Interviewing: The blackout case in south path of Thailand.

P. Teansri, R. Bhasaputra, W. Pattaraprakorn, P. Bhasaputra, 2010. Journal: Outage Cost of Industries in Thailand by Considering Thailand Standard Industrial Classification; 3.6 The outage cost evaluation. GMSARN International Journal 4, p. 44.

Meteorological Department, Ministry of Information and Communication Technology, 2017. The Statistics of temperature at meteorology station, surat thami province: 2003-2015 .(Retrieved from ( web/statseries/statseries27.html.

Accuweather, 2017. The record of Surat thani province’s temperature. (Retrieved from (https://www.accuweather .com /th/th/thailand-weather.

H. Zainuddiin, M. Ismail, N.H. Ahmad Bostamam, M.M. Muhamad Hanifah, M.Z.Hussin, M.F.M Taib, 2016. Ambient Factors Influencing Photovoltaic Module Temperature in Klang Valley. ASEAN Smart Grid Congress 2. Faculty of Applied Sciences. Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malyasia .(Retrieved from (