• Ampapan Tuntinakhongul Faculty of Industrial Education and Technology, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok 10520 Thailand
Keywords: Instructional leader, IL, 21st Century Instructional Leader Roles, Thai School Directors


This qualitative study was undertaken to determine whether, and to what extent, Thai school directors regarded their roles to be 21st century instructional leaders (ILs). The sample was selected using purposive sampling and comprised six primary school directors from a population of 37 schools in Bangkok metropolitan area. The participants were asked, by semi-structured interview questions, about their performance as ILs within eight dimensions.  Content analysis was applied, and it was found that most of the key informants performed their roles as the 21st ILs at the low level. Only one dimension reached 50 %, namely, the dimension of curriculum. Performance in the remaining seven dimensions was less than 50%. These dimensions included assessment, instruction, educational use of technology, professional culture and climate, professional development, supervision, and school improvement. Interesting points are discussed why their performance in the role of IL for 21st century classrooms was quite low.


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How to Cite
Tuntinakhongul, A. (2018). THE ROLE OF THAI SCHOOL DIRECTORS AS 21ST CENTURY INSTRUCTIONAL LEADERS. Journal of Industrial Education, 17(3), 203-213. Retrieved from
Research Articles