STUDY ON THE CHARACTERISTIC AND EFFECTS OF DIESEL-PROPANOL-BIODIESEL AND BIODIESEL BLEND IN A COMPRESSION IGNITION ENGINE

Main Article Content

KANOK-ON RODJANAKID

Abstract

This research aimed to study biodiesel production from refined palm oil stearin and propanol as an alternative fuel. The experimental results found that biodiesel production from refined palm oil stearin using sodium hydroxide as the base catalyst was 74%. Using biodiesel from refined palm oil stearin as an emulsifier in diesel: propanol: biodiesel D90P5B5(RPO), D85P5B10(RPO), and D80P5B15(RPO) at 99.9% propanol purity, the experiments examined the homogeneity and stability of the fuel produced. It was found that D90P5B5(RPO), D85P5B10(RPO), and D80P5B15(RPO) (virtue of propanol 99.9%) were homogeneous. From the results, the physical properties of D90P5B5(RPO) and D90B10(RPO) from the experiment met the high-speed diesel standards except for the flashpoint of diesohol, which was lower than standard high-speed diesel fuel. Furthermore, the results of the lubricating properties test evaluated by High-Frequency Reciprocating Rig (HFRR) according to CEC-F-06-A-96, D90P5B5(RPO) had a wear scar test 236 and D90B10(RPO) had a wear scar test 234, which were related to the better viscosity and lubricity properties than standard high-speed diesel fuel.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
RODJANAKID, K.-O. . . (2022). STUDY ON THE CHARACTERISTIC AND EFFECTS OF DIESEL-PROPANOL-BIODIESEL AND BIODIESEL BLEND IN A COMPRESSION IGNITION ENGINE. Journal of Energy and Environment Technology of Graduate School Siam Technology College, 9(1), 36–45. Retrieved from https://ph01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/JEET/article/view/247700
Section
Research Article

References

M. Cardone, R. Marialto, R. Ianniello, M. Lazzaro and G. Di Blasio, Spray Analysis and Combustion Assessment of Diesel-LPG Fuel Blends in Compression Ignition Engine. Fuels. 2021;2:1. doi: 10.3390/fuels2010001

L.J Sitnik, Z.J Sroka and M. Andrych-Zalewska, The Impact on Emissions When an Engine Is Run on Fuel with a High Heavy Alcohol Content. Energies. 2021;14:41. doi: 10.3390/en14010041

T. Laza and A. Bereczky, Basic fuel properties of rapeseed oil-higher alcohols blends. Fuel. 2011;90:803–810. doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2010.09.015

DYC. Leung, X. Wu and MKH. Leung, A review on biodiesel production using catalyzed transesterification. Applied Energy. 2010;87:1083-1095. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2009.10.006

F Ma, LD Clements and MA. Hanna, The effect of mixing on transesterification of beef tallow. Bioresource Technology. 1999;69:289-293. DOI: 10.1016/S0960-8524(98)00184-9

JM. Encinar, JF. González, E. Sabio and MJ. Ramiro, Preparation and properties of biodiesel from Cynara cardunculus L. oil. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research. 1999;38:2927-2931. DOI: 10.1021/ie990012x

M. Di Serio, R. Tesser, L. Pengmei and E. Santacesaria, Heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel production. Energy & Fuels. 2008;22:207-217. DOI: 10.1021/ef700250g

JM. Encinar, A Pardal and N. Sánchez, An improvement to the transesterification process by the use of co-solvents to produce biodiesel. Fuel. 2016;166:51-58. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuel.2015.10.110

G. Arzamendi, I. Campo, E. Arguiñarena, M. Sánchez, M. Montes and LM. Gandía, Synthesis of biodiesel with heterogeneous NaOH/alumina catalysts: Comparison with homogeneous NaOH. Chemical Engineering Journal. 2007;134:123-130. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2007.03.049

DYC. Leung and Y. Guo, Transesterification of neat and used frying oil: optimization for biodiesel production. Fuel Processing Technology. 2006;87:883-890. DOI: 10.1016/j.fuproc.2006.06.003

OECD/FAO (2021), "OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook", OECD Agriculture statistics (database), [Online] Available : http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/agr-outl-data-en