The Factors Correlated with High Blood Pressure of the Female

Authors

  • Wanasri Wawngam Community of Public Health Program, Sirindhorn College of Public Health, Khon Kaen
  • Sudarat Roenthaisong Bannongkung Health Promoting Hospital, Khon Kaen Province
  • Lampung Vonok Master of Public Health Program, Sirindhorn College of Public Health, Khon Kean
  • Supat Assana Master of Public Health Program, Sirindhorn College of Public Health, Khon Kaen
  • Kritkantorn Suwannaphant Master of Public Health Program, Sirindhorn College of Public Health, Khon Kaen

Keywords:

high blood pressure, exercise, body mass index, monthly expenses

Abstract

Abstract

     Objective: Hypertension is a major health problem among people around the world. It is also a major cause of premature death. However, previous studies inconclusively found that several factors were still unrelated particularly among female individuals. The objective of this unmatched case-control study was to investigate the factors that are correlated with high blood pressure of the female students in Sirindhorn College of Public Health, Khon Kaen.

     Method: The samples of 102 female students were selected using a stratified randomization and divided into 2 groups. The ratio of cases to controls was 1:2 as follows.  The case group and control group were 34 enrolled individuals with blood pressure ≥ 130/85 mmHg and 68 enrolled individuals with blood pressure < 130/85 mmHg, respectively. Data were collected by a questionnaire (Cronbach’s alpha coefficient = 0.94), and the record of annual health checkup. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (multiple logistic regression analysis) were used to describe results of this study.

     Results: After adjusted for the covariate, the results revealed that factors correlated with high blood pressure of the female students were monthly expenses ≥5,000 baht (ORadj = 3.19, 95% CI: 1.20 to 8.50 ; p-value = 0.020), high body mass index (ORadj = 6.20, 95% CI : 2.02 to 19.00 ; p-value = 0.001), and low level of exercise behavior (ORadj = 2.66, 95% CI : 1.01 to 7.06 ; p-value = 0.049).

     Therefore, there should be health promotion activities for female students by promoting physical exercise to prevent future occurrence of high blood pressure.

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References

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Published

2022-06-10

How to Cite

Wawngam, W., Roenthaisong, S., Vonok, L., Assana, S., & Suwannaphant, K. (2022). The Factors Correlated with High Blood Pressure of the Female . Journal of Vongchavalitkul University, 35(1), 29–44. Retrieved from https://ph01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/vujournal/article/view/248342

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Research Articles