Increasing the Combustion Efficiency by Using Porous Media

Main Article Content

ฐกฤต ปานขลิบ


The total energy consumption in Thailand has been continually increasing. Most of the fuel used in Thailand is imported such as petroleum products. Although Thailand can provide some of its own energy resources such as natural gas crude oil and coal, the domestic energy resources are not sufficient because of the increasing demand and the limitation of these energy resources. So, utilization of remaining energy efficiency and researching new technologies for energy conservation becomes absolutely necessary. In the last few decades, many researchers have been studied in the field of multiphase combustion within porous media, due to its clean and highly efficient. The burning velocities are higher than normal combustion, extended lean flammability limits, and high radiant output with low emissions of pollutants such as NOx and CO. This paper reviews the physical properties and combustion processes within porous media, and describes related experimental and study. Including the unique of porous media such as heat re-circulating combustion, internal heat recirculation in porous burner, the burner performance and conclusions.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
ปานขลิบ ฐ. (2014). Increasing the Combustion Efficiency by Using Porous Media. Journal of Energy and Environment Technology of Graduate School Siam Technology College, 1(2), 1–10. Retrieved from
Research Article


[1] T. Panklib, C. Prakasvudhisarn, & D. Khummongkol. (2011). Electricity Consumption Forecasting in Thailand, Using Artificial Neural Network and Multiple Linear Regression, Energy Sources Part B, 559520. doi:10.1080/15567249.2011.

[2] Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency. (2007). Thailand’s Energy Conservation and Renewable Energy Development Program 2008-2011, Bangkok: Ministry of Energy.

[3] Jugjai, S., et al, ‘Heat transfer Enhancement to Coolling Water Pipe by a Surface Combustor Heater Equipped with a Convection-Radiation Conveter’, RERIC International Energy Journal, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp 91-105, December, 1998.

[4] Weclas, M., Porous media in internal combustion engines, [in:] Cellular Ceramics Structure, Manufacturing, Properties and Applications, Scheffler, M., Colombo, P. (eds), Wiley-VCH-Publ.2005.

[5] Weclas, M., New strategies for homogeneous combustion in I.C. engines based on the porous medium (PM)-technology, ILASS Europe, June 2001.

[6] Afsharvahid, S., Dally, B.B. & Christo F.C. (2003). On the Stabilization of ultra-lean methane and propane flames in porous media. The 4th Asia-Pacific Conference on Combustion, Nanjing, Chaina, August 18-21.

[7] Trimis, D. & Durst, F. (1996). Combustion in a porous medium: Advance and applications. Combustion Science and Technology, 121, 153-168.

[8] C. Tierney and A.T. Harris. (2009). Journal of the Australian Ceramic Society Volume 45 [2], 2009, 20-29.

[9] Weinberg, F.J. (1971). Combustion temperature: the future?. Nature, 233, 239-241.

[10] Wongwatcharaphon, K. (2011). Numerical Simulation of High Efficiency Porous Burner for Liquid Fuel Combustion without Spray Atomization. D.Eng. Mechanical Engineering Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi.

[11] Vafai, K. (2005). Handbook of porous media (2nded.). Taylor and Franscis, USA.

[12] Babkin, V.S., Korzhavin, A.A. & Buner, V.A. (1991). Propagation of premixed explosion flames in porous media. Combustion and Flame, 87, 182-190.

[13] Durst, F. & Trimis, D. (2002). Combustion by free flames versus combustion reactors. Clean Air, 3, 1–20.