Study on chemical composition of Typha angustifalia L and extracted cellulose from Typha angustifalia L for food applications

  • patcharaporn pimchan Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Rajabhat Maha Sarakham University, Maha Sarakham
  • Sureerat Usoungnern
  • Sangravee Bidon
  • Sirikan Duangde
  • A-roonrat Utaiku
Keywords: Typha angustifolia L., Saline soil, Cellulose, Dietary Fiber

Abstract

The aims of this study were to study the chemical composition, moisture, ash, substance insoluble in organic solvents, lignin, crude fiber, holo-cellulose, and alpha-cellulose of Typha angustifolia L in saline soil at Nong Bo, Borabue, Maha Sarakham District from 4 part, leaves and trunk on young seedlings and adults, and to extract the cellulose from Typha angustifolia L in saline soil from 4 part, leaves and trunk on young seedlings and adults.  The amount of moisture, ash, substance insoluble in organic solvents and lignin were 78.60-88.99 7.43-9.40 11.98-15.73 and 8.92-16.75%, respectively, which was in a level that can be processed and eaten without harm to the body. The crude fiber, holo-cellulose, and alpha-cellulose of Typha angustifolia L in saline soil were 29.13-36.61 52.53-66.16 and 37.83-54.44%, respectively, that suitable as an alternative plant to utilize the fiber.  The extracted cellulose from leaf sapling, trunk sapling, leaf adults and trunk adults showed the low impurity and a high alpha-cellulose.  The cellulose from the trunk adults revealed the highest alpha-cellulose content of 86.52%, equivalent to cellulose in the market. When analyzing crystal structure by X-ray diffraction and FT-IR, it was found that lignin was eliminated, and the high purity and crystalline cellulose were constraining. The Typha angustifolia L in saline soil at Nong Bo, Borabue, Maha Sarakham District can be a source of cellulose for food applications.

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Published
2020-12-25
Section
Research Articles