Publication Ethics


1. Editors are responsible for screening and assessing the quality of an article. The content of an article selected for publication must correspond to the purpose and scope of the journal. 

2. Editors must not have any conflicts of interest with authors or expert reviewers, and must not use published articles for their own business use or use them as his/her own academic work. 

3. Editors must not disclose proprietary information of authors and expert reviewers in any cases. 

4. Editors must conduct a rigorous investigation to detect potential plagiarism using reliable software commonly accepted in academia. 

5. Editors must maintain the publication standards and improve the quality as well as the relevance of the journal. 



1. Submitted work must not be published or presented before. 

2. Authors must agree to transfer the copyright of an article to the journal before publication, and must not publish the work with other journals after receiving an acceptance for publication. 

3. Authors must not copy data, textor theories produced by others. 

4. Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given and references should be at the end of an article.

5. If an article involves human participants or animal experiments, authors must include a statement that the studies have been approved by appropriate institutional and/or national research ethics committee and have been performed in accordance with ethical standards. 

6. If an article involves human participants, authors must obtain informed consent in writing from all participants prior to inclusion in the study.

7. Authors must disclose sources of funding for the submitted article. 

8. All the authors of an article should make substantial contributions to the work submitted.  



1. Reviewers must assess the quality of an article by applying academic principles and rationales without bias or personal opinions, and must not have conflicts of interest with authors. 

2. Reviewers must nottake advantage of the work that they have reviewed. 

3. Reviewers must have expertise in the subject area, and must evaluate the quality of an article based on the content, data analysis, and entirety of the work submitted.  

4. Reviewers must immediately report any potential ethical issues, such as duplicate publication, data fabrication or plagiarism. 

5. Reviewers must return the review in a timely fashion. 

6. During the evaluation period, reviewers must maintain confidentiality, and must not disclose some or all parts of the article to individuals not involved in the review process. 

7. Reviewers must decline to review an article if they have any conflicting or competing interests that can potentially prevent them from reviewing the article without bias. These include the same research topic/direct competition, a close personal relationship, or collaboration with the authors.