Refining the Adaptive Capacity Framework for World Heritage Management

Main Article Content

Montira Unakul

Abstract

Well-developed in the context of climate change, the concept of adaptive capacity has so far not been applied extensively to the study of World Heritage management. This paper applies the analytic framework of adaptive capacity to better understand how institutional attributes enable or hinder systemic adaptation in managing World Heritage sites as boundaries of practice expand due to changing concepts of heritage and emerging management challenges. Drawing upon case studies from Southeast Asia, the study proposes a refined framework with the following dimensions of adaptive capacity: cognitive frames, learning capacity, resources, formal governance measures, organizational relationships, and agency.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Unakul, M. (2019). Refining the Adaptive Capacity Framework for World Heritage Management. Nakhara : Journal of Environmental Design and Planning, 17, 25-42. Retrieved from https://ph01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/nakhara/article/view/209956
Section
Articles

References

Adger, W. N., & Vincent, K. (2005). Uncertainty in adaptive capacity. Comptes Rendus Geosciences, 337 (4), 399-410.

Agyris, C., & Schon, D. A. (1978). Organizational learning: A theory of action perspective. Readind, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company.

Ahmad, Y. (2006). The scope and definitions of heritage: From tangible to intangible. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 12(3), 292-300.

Aoki, M. (2001). Towards a comparative institutional analysis. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Ariffin, N. F. M. (2015). Willingness-to-pay value of cultural heritage and its management for sustainable conservation of George Town World Heritage site. University of Malaya.

Bandarin, F. (2007). World Heritage: Challenges for the Millennium. Paris: UNESCO.

Bettini, Y., Brown, R. R., & De Haan, F. J. (2015). Exploring institutional adaptive capacity in practice: examining water governance adaptation in Australia. Ecology and Society, 20(1), 47-67.

Boccardi, G., & Scott, L. (2018). A view from the inside: an account of the process leading to the adoption of the policy for the integration of a sustainable development perspective within the World Heritage Convention. In W. Logan & P. Larsen (Eds.), World Heritage and sustainable development: New directions in World Heritage management. London: Routledge.

Carmichael, B. (2015). Supporting indigenous rangers’ management of climate-change impacts on heritage sites: developing an effective planning tool and assessing its value. The Rangeland Journal, 37, 597-607.

Cassar, M. (2005). Climate change and the historic environment. London: University College London, Centre for Sustainable Heritage.

Clemens, E. S., & Cook, J. M. (1999). Politics and institutionalism: Explaining durability and change. Annual Review of Sociology, 25(1), 441-466.

Cohen, P., Lawless, S., Dyer, M., Morgan, M., Saeni, E., Teioli, H., & Kantor, P. (2016). Understanding adaptive capacity and capacity to innovate in social–ecological systems: Applying a gender lens. Ambio, 45(3), 309-321.

Collier, D. (1993). The comparative method. In A. W. Finifter (Ed.), Political Science: The State of the Discipline II. Washington, DC: American Political Science Association.

Garvin, D. A. (1993). Building a learning organization. Harvard Business Review, 71, 78-91.

Greenwood, R., Suddaby, R. & Hinings, C.R. (2002). Theorizing change: The role of professional associations in the transformation of institutionalized fields. Academy of Management Journal, 45(1), 58-80.

Gupta, J., & Dellapenna, J. (2009). The challenges for the twenty first century: A critical approach. In J. Dellapenna & J. Gupta (Eds.), The Evolution of the law and politics of water. Dordrecht: Springer Verlag.

Gupta, J., Termeer, C., Klostermann, J., Meijerink, S., van den Brink, M., Jong, P., . . . Bergsma, E. (2010). The Adaptive capacity wheel: A method to assess the inherent characteristics of institutions to enable the adaptive capacity of society. Environmental Science & Policy, 13(6), 459-471.

Heath, L. (2008). Garnaut climate change review: Impacts of climate change on Australia’s World Heritage properties and their values. Retrieved from Canberra:

IDGEC Scientific Planning Committee. (1999). Institutional dimensions of global environmental change: IHDP Report No. 9. Retrieved from Bonn:

Janssen, M. A., & Ostrom, E. (2006). Resilience, vulnerability, and adaptation: a crosscutting theme of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change. Global Environmental Change, 16(3), 235-316.

Jigyasu, R. (2014). Sustainable post disaster reconstruction through integrated risk management – the case of rural communities in South Asia. University of Montreal. Retrieved from www.grif.umontreal.ca/pages/papers2004/Paper - Jigyasu R.pdf

Kingston, C., & Caballero, G. (2009). Comparing theories of institutional change. Journal of Institutional Economics, 5(2), 151-180.

Klijn, E. H., & Koppenjan, J. F. M. (2006). Governing policy networks: A network perspective on decision making in network society. In G. Morcol (Ed.), Handbook of decision-making. New York: CRC Press.

Korka, E. (2018). Natural disasters and risks in world heritage monuments of Greece. In R. Lefevre & C. Sabbioni (Eds.), Cultural heritage facing climate change: experiences and ideas for resilience and adaptation. Bari: Edipuglia.

Lawrence, T. B., & Suddaby, R. (2006). Institutions and institutional work. In S. Clegg, C. Hardy, T. B. Lawrence, & W. R. Nord (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of organization studies (Second edition). London: Sage Publications.

Leca, B., Battilana, J., & Boxenbaum, E. (2008). Agency and institutions: A review of institutional entrepreneurship. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard Business School.

Lefevre, R., & Sabbioni, C. (2018). Cultural heritage facing climate change: experiences and ideas for resilience and adaptation. Bari: Edipuglia.

Lemos, M. C., Boyd, E., Tompkins, E. L., Osbahr, H., & Liverman, D. (2007). Developing adaptation and adapting development. Ecology and Society, 12(2), 26.

MacKee, J., Haugen, H., & Askland, L. A. (2014). Recovering cultural built heritage after natural disasters: A resilience perspective. International Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment, 5(2), 202-212.

Mccarthy, J., F. Canziani, O., Leary, N., J. Dokken, D., & S. White, K. (2001). Climate change 2001: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. In Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

McClanahan, T. R., & Cinner, J. (2012). Adapting to a changing environment: Confronting the consequences of climate change. New York: Oxford University Press.

North, D. (1990). Institutions, institutional change and economic performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pahl-Wostl, C., Becker, G., Knieper, C., & Sendzimir, J. (2013). How multilevel societal learning processes facilitate transformative change: A comparative case study analysis on flood management. Ecology and Society, 18(4), 58.

Phillips, H. (2013). The adaptive capacity of the management of cultural heritage sites to climate change. Doctoral thesis. Oxford Brookes University.

Polsky, C., Neff, R., & Yarnal, B. (2007). Building comparable global change vulnerability assessments: The vulnerability scoping diagram. Global Environmental Change, 17, 472-485.

Schatzki, T. R., Knorr Cetina, K., & Von Savigny, E. (2001). The practice turn in contemporary theory. London: Routledge.

Skocpol, T. S., Margaret. (1980). The uses of comparative history in macrosocial inquiry. Comparative Studies in Society and History, 22, 174-197.

Senge, P. (1990). The fifth discipline: The art and practice of the learning organization. New York: Doubleday.

Smit, B., Burton, I., Klein, R., & Wandel, J. (2000). An anatomy of adaptation to climate change and variability. Climatic Change, 45, 223-251.

Thompson, J., & Wijesuriya, G. (2018). From ‘sustaining heritage’ to ‘heritage sustaining broader societal wellbeing and benefits’: an ICCROM perspective. In W. Logan & P. Larsen (Eds.), World Heritage and Sustainable Development: New Directions in World Heritage Management. London: Routledge.

UNESCO. (2012). Understanding World Heritage in Asia and the Pacific. Paris: World Heritage Centre.

UNESCO. (2014). State of conservation of World Heritage properties: A statistical analysis (1979-2013). Paris: World Heritage Centre.

Veblen, T. (1899). The theory of the leisure class: An economic study of institutions. New York: MacMillan.

Weick, K. E., & Sutcliffe, K. M. (2001). Managing the unexpected: Assuring high performance in an age of complexity. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Williamson, O. (2000). The new institutional economics: Taking stock, looking ahead. Journal of Economic Literature, 38, 595-613.

Yin, R. K. (2013). Case study research: Design and methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Yohe, G., & Tol, R. S. J. (2002). Indicators for social and economic coping capacity--moving toward a working definition of adaptive capacity. Global Environmental Change, 12, 1, 25-40.