The Effects of Franco-Siamese Treaties on Ubon Ratchathani Urban Landscape Transformation

Main Article Content

Lalida Boonmee

Abstract

In the written history, Ubon Ratchathani, most documents point out that the urban areas have developed and changed because of the administrative reforms from Bangkok since the reign of King Chulalongkorn, Rama V. While this domestic cause has certainly been at play, there is another cause connected to foreign colonisation of the Indochina area. French troops forced Siam to accept the Franco-Siamese treaty in 1893, which affected the boundaries of Siam near the Mekong River. This article will address the effects of Franco-Siamese treaties on the Ubon Ratchathani urban landscape, and will highlight the urban elements which currently contribute to the urban attributes.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Boonmee, L. (2019). The Effects of Franco-Siamese Treaties on Ubon Ratchathani Urban Landscape Transformation. Nakhara : Journal of Environmental Design and Planning, 17, 43-54. Retrieved from https://ph01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/nakhara/article/view/192003
Section
Articles

References

Aymonier, É. (2000). Isan travels: Northeast Thailand’s economy in 1883-1884. Bangkok: White Lotus Press.

Book Committee. (1992). ʻUbon rātchathānī sō̜ ngrō̜ i pī [Ubon Ratchathani 200 years]. Bangkok: Chuan Phim.

Costet, R. (2006). Prawattikān phœ̄ iphrǣ Khrit sātsanā nai Sayām læ Lāo [History of the Christianity Propagation in Siam and Laos]. Bangkok: Assumption Publishing.

Hall, D. G. E. (1968). A history of South-East Asia. London: Macmillan.

Na Ubon, B. (1996). Lao rư̄ ang m̄ ưang ʻUbon rātchathānī [The story of Ubon Ratchathani city]. Ubon Ratchathani: Siritham offset Publishing.

Sablon du Corail, A. (2011). The French army and Siam, 1893–1914. Tr. By Smithies. Journal of the Siam Society, 99, 243-268.

Theerasasawat, S. (2009). Chakkrawatniyom n̄ ưa mǣnam khōng [The Imperialism on the Mekong River]. Bangkok: Matichon Publishing.

UNESCO. (2011). Recommendation on the historic urban Landscape. Retrieved from: https://whc.unesco.org/uploads/activities/documents/activity-638-98.pdf

UNESCO. (2013). New life for historic cities: The historic urban landscape approach explained. Retrieved from: https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000220957 Wing 21 RTAF. (2019) Prawat k̜ ōng bin yīsipʻet [History of Wing 21 RTAF]. Retrieved from: http://wing21.rtaf.mi.th/wing21/index.php.

Winichakul, T. (2013). Kamnœ̄ t Sayām čhāk phǣnthī: Prawattisāt phūm kāyā khō̜ ng chat [Siam mapped: a history of the geo-body of nation]. Bangkok: Read (Aan) Publishing.

Wipacpotchanakit, T. (2003). Prawattisāt ʻĪsān [History of Isan]. Bangkok: Thammasat University Press.

Young, Edward M. (1995). Aerial nationalism: A history of aviation in Thailand. In B. Whyte (Ed.). A beginner’s guide to mapping a third world city: Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand.