The Effects of Franco-Siamese Treaties on Ubon Ratchathani Urban Landscape Transformation

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Lalida Boonmee


In the written history, Ubon Ratchathani, most documents point out that the urban areas have developed and changed because of the administrative reforms from Bangkok since the reign of King Chulalongkorn, Rama V. While this domestic cause has certainly been at play, there is another cause connected to foreign colonisation of the Indochina area. French troops forced Siam to accept the Franco-Siamese treaty in 1893, which affected the boundaries of Siam near the Mekong River. This article will address the effects of Franco-Siamese treaties on the Ubon Ratchathani urban landscape, and will highlight the urban elements which currently contribute to the urban attributes.


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Boonmee, L. (2019). The Effects of Franco-Siamese Treaties on Ubon Ratchathani Urban Landscape Transformation. Nakhara : Journal of Environmental Design and Planning, 17, 43-54. Retrieved from


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