Application of HAZUS-MH Flood Model in Developing Countries: The Case of Piura, Peru

Main Article Content

Wan Chantavilasvong
Leo Guerrero

Abstract

This research looks at the U.S.’s HAZUS-MH Flood Model and adapts some of its methodologies to Piura, Peru, as an example of many regions around the world with limited technical and capital capacity to estimate inundation risks. Thus, this research proposes an accessible and doable flood risk estimation methodology which takes into account limited available data. The proposed methodology will produce maps of potential inundation areas and monetized damage values from flood scenarios. These outputs can further help local authorities design, decide, and prepare their risk mitigation and adaptation plans for the future.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Chantavilasvong, W., & Guerrero, L. (2019). Application of HAZUS-MH Flood Model in Developing Countries: The Case of Piura, Peru. Nakhara : Journal of Environmental Design and Planning, 16, 33-52. Retrieved from https://ph01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/nakhara/article/view/176830
Section
Articles

References

CENEPRED. (n.d.) Quiénes somos. El Centro Nacional de Estimación, Prevención y Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres (CENEPRED). Available at: https://cenepred. gob.pe/web/quienes-somos/. Accessed 9 March 2019.

D’Ercole, R. & Metzger,P (n.d.). Piura region’s building cadastral [map]. Unpublished raw data.

Di Liberto, T. (2017). Heavy summer rains flood Peru. Climate.gov. Available at: https://www.climate.gov/news-features/event-tracker/heavy-summer-rains-flood-peru. Accessed 4 March 2019.

FEMA. (2004). Multi-hazard Loss Estimation Methodology Flood Model Hazus®-MH Technical Manual. Washington, D.C.: Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Mitigation Division. Available at: https://www.fema.gov/hazus-mh-user-technical-manuals. Accessed 16 August 2018.

French, A. and Mechler, R. (2017). Managing El Niño Risks Under Uncertainty in Peru: Learning from the past for a more disaster-resilient future. Luxemburg, Austria: International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.

Guerrero, L., Farias, M., and Reyes, J. (2015). Changing in morphodynamics of the ephemeral Piura River due to ENSO. The 9th Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics. Iquitos, Peru: RCEM 2015.

Huizinga, J., de Moel, H., and Szewczyk, W. (2017). Global flood depth-damage functions. Methodology and the database with guidelines. EUR 28552 EN. doi: 10.2760/16510

INDECI. (2009). Mapa de peligros de la ciudad de Piura actividad geodinamica externa (inundaciones) [map]. City of Piura, Peru: INDECI.

INEI. (2017a). Piura: Valor Agregado Bruto por Años, según Actividades Económicas Valores a Precios Constantes de 2007. Available at: https://www.inei.gob.pe/estadisticas/indice-tematico/economia/. Accessed 4 March 2019.

INEI. (2017b). Perú: Principales Indicadores Departamentales 2009-2016. Lima, Peru: Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática-INEI. Available at: https://www.inei.gob.pe/media/MenuRecursivo/publicaciones_digitales/Est/Lib1421/libro.pdf. Accessed 16 August, 2018.

INEI (2017c). Encuesta Nacional de Programas Presupuestales 2011-2016. Lima, Peru: Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática-INEI. Available at: https://www.inei.gob.pe/media/MenuRecursivo/publicaciones_digitales/Est/Lib1442/libro.pdf. Accessed 9 March, 2019.

INEI. (2018). Perú: Perfil Sociodemográfico. Informe Nacional Censos Nacionales 2017: XII de Población, VII de Vivienda y III de Comunidades Indígenas. Lima, Peru: Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática-INEI. Available at: https://www.inei.gob.pe/media/MenuRecursivo/publicaciones_digitales/Est/Lib1539/libro. pdf. Accessed 28 February 2019.

IPCC. (2018). Summary for Policymakers. In: Global Warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report on the impacts of global warming of 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels and related global greenhouse gas emission pathways, in the context of strengthening the global response to the threat of climate change, sustainable development, and efforts to eradicate poverty [Masson-Delmotte, V., P. Zhai, H.-O. Pörtner, D. Roberts, J. Skea, P.R. Shukla, A. Pirani, Moufouma-Okia, C. Péan, R. Pidcock, S. Connors, J.B.R. Matthews, Y. Chen, X. Zhou, M.I. Gomis, E. Lonnoy, Maycock, M. Tignor, and T. Waterfield (eds.)]. Geneva, Switzerland: World Meteorological Organization.

Junk, W.J. & Bayley, P.B. & Sparks, R.E. (1989). The Flood Pulse Concept in River-Floodplain Systems. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 106. 110-127.

Leon, A. and Kraul, C. (2017). Peru’s brutal season of floods leaves 94 dead, 700,000 homeless. The Los Angeles Times, 28 March 2017. Available at: https://www.latimes. com/world/mexico-americas/la-fg-peru-floods20170328-story.html. Accessed 20 February 2019.

Ministerio de Economía y Finanzas. (2018). Valor de la UIT:1992-2018. Available at: https://www.mef.gob.pe/es/valor-de-la-uit. Accessed 14 May 2019.

Reglamento Nacional de Edificaciones. Title 1-3. Urbanistas Peru. (2006).

Resolución Ministerial Nº 236-2018-Vivienda. Ministerio de Vivienda, Construcción y Saneamiento. (2018). Lima.

Slattery, G. (2017). Peru’s president says flood recovery may cost up to $9 billion. Reuter, 8 April 2017. Available at: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-peru-floods-economy-idUSKBN1792T0. Accessed 11 September 2018.