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Nimmanhemin is a significant shopping area in Chiang Mai, where shopping areas developed from long-distance trade transport and developed into merchant communities, but Nimmanhemin began as a residential area and was later developed for commercial purposes. Therefore, Nimmanhemin represents a unique development. This study focuses on the spatial transformation from a residential area into a commercial area and aims to discover the factors impacting the development of the residential area into one of today’s most significant commercial areas in Chiang Mai, and study the adaptation of buildings which were not primarily created for commercial purposes. Even though the existing planning of the Nimmanhemin area does not provide public space, housing estate planning has the ability to adapt to the creation of new public spaces in commercial terms. In addition, architectural adaptation influences public spaces in the Nimmanhemin area.
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