Enhancing the Potential Cooling Benefits of Urban Water Bodies

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Nedyomukti Imam Syafii
Masayuki Ichinose
Eiko Kumakura
Kohei Chigusa
Steve Kardinal Jusuf
Nyuk Hien Wong

Abstract

In Saitama, Japan, a series of experimental studies has been conducted inside an outdoor scale model canopy to find an effective design solution of water bodies for improving urban thermal environment and pedestrian comfort. Thus, the study result may help designers and planners to manage tradeoffs between the cooling effect demands, land-use limits and other design elements in urban environments. By modifying its physical properties, the present study shows a clear evidence of the mitigating capacity of urban water bodies. The result shows that generally, a bigger pond has greater cooling benefits. Nevertheless, by lowering the water temperature, the cooling benefit improved by 0.3 ̊C and 0.5 ̊C on average, as compared to natural pond and no-pond condition, respectively.

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How to Cite
Syafii, N. I., Ichinose, M., Kumakura, E., Chigusa, K., Jusuf, S. K., & Wong, N. H. (2017). Enhancing the Potential Cooling Benefits of Urban Water Bodies. Nakhara : Journal of Environmental Design and Planning, 13, 29-40. Retrieved from https://ph01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/nakhara/article/view/104607
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Articles
Author Biographies

Nedyomukti Imam Syafii, Graduate School of Urban Environmental Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Japan

Nedyomukti Imam SYAFII is a full time lecturer in Dept. of Architecture and Planning, Universitas
GadjahMada, Indonesia. Currently in the 3rd year pursuing doctoral degree in dept. of Architecture and
Building Engineering, Graduate School of Urban Environmental Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University.
His research interests include in area of architecture, environmental and building science. His dissertation
is related to water bodies in urban area and its potential benefits for human thermal comfort.

Masayuki Ichinose, Graduate School of Urban Environmental Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Japan

Masayuki Ichinose is Associate Professor in the Department of Architecture and Building Engineering,
Graduate School of Urban Environmental Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University. His research interest is in
the area of MEP (Mechanical, Electrical and Plumbing), Urban and Architectural Environment, MEP System
Development and Commissioning. Among his latest work, he has been working on the urban environmental
issues, facade technology, urban heat island as well as water utilization for sustainable urban area.

Eiko Kumakura, Graduate School of Urban Environmental Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Japan

Eiko Kumakura is Assistant Professor in the Department of Architecture and Building Engineering,
Graduate School of Urban Environmental Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University. Her research interest
is in the area of Urban Greenery and Urban Environmental Design. She has also carried out extensive
research in energy saving features in detached house with a common garden path.

Kohei Chigusa, Graduate School of Urban Environmental Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Japan

Kohei Chigusa is a second year student in master program in Graduate School of Urban Environmental
Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University. His thesis project is related to urban water bodies and its benefits
to the surrounding thermal environment.

Steve Kardinal Jusuf, Faculty of Engineering, Singapore Institute of Technology, Singapore

Steve Kardinal Jusuf is Assistant Professor in Singapore Institute of Technology. His research interest is
in the area of urban microclimate and urban climatic mapping by mean of Geographical Information Systems
(GIS) sustainable urban development. He also serves as editorial board member in the ASCE Journal of
Urban Planning and Development.

Nyuk Hien Wong, School of Design and Environment, National University of Singapore, Singapore

Wong Nyuk Hien is Professor in the Department of Building, School of Design and Environment, NUS.
His research interest is related to Urban Heat Island effect in Singapore and their mitigation measures
such as the use of urban greenery, utilization of urban ventilation etc. He was also involved in a project
commissioned by NEA (National Environmental Agency), Singapore to study the impact of Climate Change
on urban climate and building energy consumption in Singapore.

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