Life-Force Energy: The Sacred Root of Place, Architecture, and Community

Main Article Content

Tom Bender


Virtually every historical culture using designs rooted in life-force energy has created architecture, everyday places, and communities with spiritual power far exceeding what is achieved today even in “spiritual” buildings. By generating an understanding of this energy, and the examples of its use from cultures in Cambodia, Japan, India, Thailand, China, Hawaii, Nigeria, Egypt, Peru, Mexico, and Native America, new possibilities are dramatically opening for places and lives today.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Bender, T. (2016). Life-Force Energy: The Sacred Root of Place, Architecture, and Community. Nakhara : Journal of Environmental Design and Planning, 12, 131–148. Retrieved from
Review Articles


The energetics index and architecture and the sacred index. (n.d.). Retrieved from www.tombender. Org

Bender, Tom. (2015a). Life-Force Energy in Architecture - Historical and Contextual, Architecture, Culture, and Spirituality Forum 7. n.p.

Bender, Tom. (2015b). Modern architectural design using life-force Energy. Architecture, Culture, and Spirituality Forum 7. n.p.

Bender, Tom. (2014). Lessons from the Osun Shrine, Nigeria, Architecture, Culture, and Spirituality Forum 6, Toronto CN Includes issues of publicizing or not publicizing sacred places, and the value of Dagara shaman Malidoma Somé’s perspectives on culture and place.

Bender, Tom. (2000a). Building with the breath of life. n.p.: Fire River Press.

Bender, Tom. (2000b). Silence, song, and shadows. n.p.: Fire River Press.

Bender, Tom. (2006). Sacred art, sacred space. n.p.

Bender, Tom. (2008). Living architecture chapter from Kellert, Heerwagen and Mador’s Biophillic Design. Chichester: Wiley & Sons.

Bender, Tom. (2006). Places touching spirit. n.p.

Bender, Tom. (2004). The cave temples of India DVD. n.p.

Boner, Alice, E. J. Brill Publ., & Leiden. (1962). Principles of composition in hindu sculpture. n.p.

Koch, Christof. (2012). Consciousness: Confessions of a romantic reductionist. Cambridge, MA.: MIT Press.

Lansing, J. Stephen. (1991). Priests & programmers: technologies of power in the engineered landscape of bali. Princeton, NJ.: Princeton University Press.

Rael, Joseph. (1993). Being and vibration. n.p.: Council Oaks Books.

Somé, Malidoma. (1974). Of water and the spirit. n.p.: Tarcher/Putnam.

Somé, Malidoma. (1998). The healing wisdom of AFRICA. n.p.: Tarcher/Putnam.

Swentzell, Rina. (1993). An understated sacredness. MASS: Journal of The School of Architecture and Planning.

Tononi, Giulio. ( 2012, December). Integrated information theory of consciousness: An updated account. Archives Italiennes de Biologie, 150( 4), 293–329.

Wenger, Susanne. (1990). The sacred groves of oshogbo. n.p.: Verlag fur Wissenswertes.