Development of Braille-making Devices on Pharmaceutical Labels using 3D Printers

DOI: 10.14416/


  • Anan Tanwilaisiri Department of Printing Technology and Communication, Faculty of Mass Communication Technology Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi
  • Phichit Kajondecha Department of Printing and Packaging Technology, Faculty of Industrial Education and Technology, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi


braille, drug labels, 3D printing


The research aims to develop braille-making devices for braille printing on drug labels, using fused deposition modeling (FDM) printers. This device enables pharmacists to create braille immediately in the process of dispensing medicines to the visually impaired. In this research the eight words were determined, consisting of morning, daytime, evening, before, after, bedtime, 1 and 2, a group of words applied to describe how to take the drug. After that, the braille creation device was designed using 3D CAD SolidWorks and manufactured using a 3D printer, then used the braille creation device to print on the drug label and assess the height of the braille letter. Evaluates the ability to recognize and interpret braille letters printed with a nudge device. This includes estimating the cost of the equipment that has been created. The results showed that the braille letter height on the drug paper label is 200.12 microns, and the braille height on the drug label on the plastic envelope is 296.67 microns which is satisfactory according to the ECMA Euro Braille standard from the European Carton Makers Association. The ability to read and translate braille on sticker paper is around 12.8 seconds and 14.80 seconds on a drug plastic bag. The cost of developing a braille device on a 3D printer drug label was approximately 160 baht per braille. These results implied that braille-based equipment on drug labels using a 3D printer can be used to create braille on pharmaceutical labels


Download data is not yet available.

References (Accessed on 20 December 2019) (Accessed on 15 June 2018)

K. Thitima, Production of braille to be used on packaging for visually impaired person by screen printing technique, Thesis, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Thailand, 2010.

T. Krittika, Braille character printing on pharmaceutical packaging label to improve information access for visual impaired person, Research Reports, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Thailand, 2018.

A. Kongsuksawat, Study of factors affecting design of carton with braille embossing, Thesis, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Thailand, 2013.

P. Khanenugnij and A. Amornrat, The production of Medicine label with Braille for the blind by Embossing System, Research Project, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Thailand, 2013.

K. Udom ,Post - press techniques, 1st ed., Sukhothai Thammathirat University Printing Press, Nonthaburi , Thailand, 1998.

N. Shahrubudin, T.C. Lee and R. Ramlan, An overview on 3D printing technology: Technological, materials, and applications, Procedia Manufacturing, 2019, 35, 1286-1296. (Accessed on 28 November 2019)

L.P. Muthe, K. Pickering and C. Gauss, A review of 3D/4D printing of poly-lactic acid composites with bio-derived reinforcements, Composites Part C ,2022,8,100271. 411291791796 (Accessed on 10 January 2022) (Accessed on 5 December 2019)

R. Mohamed, Braille readability in packaging design of Egyptian pharmaceutical packaging for visually impaired, International Design Journal, 2016, 6(1), 119-126. (Accessed on 10 January 2022)

G.E. Legge, C.M. Madison and J.S. Mansfield, Measuring braille reading speed with the MNREAD test, Visual Impairment Research, 1999, 1(3), 131-145.

P. Jitsodsaikul,W. Niyomphol and I. Sirirungruang, A comparative study of reading speed between visually impaired and sighted students, Journal of Ratchasuda College for Research and Development of Persons with Disabilities, 2015, 11(14), 85-98. (Accessed on 10 January 2022)






บทความวิจัย (Research article)