Health Risk Assessment of PM2.5 Exposure in the Initiative of the Eastern Economic Corridor Area Project during Dry Season in 2022: Case Study of Rayong City
Keywords:Fine particles (PM2.5), Air pollution, Health risk assessment, the individual lifetime cancer risk (Ric)
Inhaling PM2.5 has been linked to a variety of impacts on human health, including cancer and increased mortality. The objective of this study is to investigate the carcinogenic risk of PM2.5 released from an industrial area in Rayong province during the dry seasons of 2022. A PQ 200 air sampler was used to collect PM2.5 samples on Teflon filters. The average PM2.5 concentrations during the dry season were observed to be 20.1±10.9 µg/m3 (4.9-52.3 µg/m3). Additionally, there was no apparent difference in the average PM2.5 concentrations during any month (p>0.05). Furthermore, the health risks of PM2.5 exposure were assessed using the individual lifetime cancer risk (Ric), with the results revealing that the average Ric values for children, teenagers, and adults in the dry season varied from 10-6 to 10-4, indicating probable carcinogenic health risks with young children aged 1-5 years having the highest of Ric values. As a result, children are more likely than adults to exposure to more PM2.5 in their respiratory system for a long time.
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