Electric Vehicle driven by Supercapacitor: Case Study the Possibility of Investing in the Establishment
Keywords:Supercapacitor, Electric Vehicle, Establishment
The concept of employing supercapacitors for electric vehicles is discussed in this paper. The design of the supercapacitor capacity is optimized and can be used in a four-seater electric vehicle with a total weight of 480 kg for driving on the roads around Dhonburi Rajabhat University, Samut Prakan to serve students between the school building 4 and the building library. The results showed that supercapacitors utilized as the power supply for electric vehicles have a maximum efficiency of 97.06%. It takes 315 s to traverse 1100 m at an average speed of 12.57 km/h. The minimal voltage at which the supercapacitor cut-off the power supply is 30.10 V. Every time the vehicle returns to the building, the vehicle must be recharged. The ability to drive electric vehicles with a supercapacitor at distances adequate for the supercapacitor's capacitance is satisfactory. The break-even point for employing supercapacitors instead of batteries to power electric vehicles is 127 days.
A. Tahtawi and A. Rohmam, Simple supercapacitor charging scheme in electric car simulatot by using direct current machine, The International Conference on Electrical Engineering and Informatics, Proceeding, 2015, 562-567.
J. Cao and A. Emadi, A new battery ultracapacitor hybrid energy storage system for electric hybrid and plug-In hybrid electric vehicles, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2012, 27(1), 122-132.
D. Hwang, J. Park and J. Jung, A study on the life time comparison for electric double layer capacitors using accelerated degradation test, International Conference on Quality Reliability Risk Maintenance and Safety Engineering, Proceeding, 2011, 302-307.
G. Joos, M. Freige, and M. Dubois, Design and simulation of a fast charging station for PHEV/EV batteries, International Conference Electrical Power & Energy, Electrical Power and Energy Conference, Proceeding, 2010, 1-5.
J. Schroeder, B. Wittig and F. Fuchs, High efficient battery backup system for lift trucks using interleaved-converter and increased EDLC voltage range, Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, 2010, 2334-2338.
J. Boadu, M. Abouzied and E. Sinencio, An efficient and fast Li-ion battery charging system using energy harvesting or conventional sources, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2017, 66(9), 7383-7394.
K. Hata, N. Watanabe and K. Sung, A series or parallel changeover system using battery with EDLC for EV, European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, 2013, 1-10.
J. Li, Y. Chen and Y. Liu, Research on a stand-alone photovoltaic system with a supercapacitor as the energy storage device, International Conference on Future Energy Environment and Materials, Energy Procedia, 2012, 1693-1700.
www.maxwell.com/products/ultracapacitors/48v-module-with-durablue (Accessed on 10 February 2017)
M. Freige, G. Joos and M. Dubois, Energy management & scheduling in a fast charging station for PHEV batteries, International Conference Power and Energy Society General Meeting, Proceeding, 2011, 1-5.
A. Mirzaei, A. Jusoh, Z. Salam, E. Adib and H. Farzanehfard, Analysis and design of a high efficiency bidirectional DC-DC converter for battery and ultracapacitor applications, International Conference on Power and Energy, Proceeding, 2010, 803-806.
M. Y. Ayad, M. Becherif, A. Aboubou and M. Wack, Electrical vehicle hybridized by supercapacitors, International Energy Conference, 2010, 79-84.
R. Chakole, M.V. Palandurkar and M.M. Renge, Energy management of supercapacitor with DC-DC converter, International Conference on Power Electronics, Intelligent Control and Energy Systems, Proceeding, 2016, 1-6.
R. Bodnar, W. R. White, A 250W/30A fast charger for ultracapacitors with direct mains connection, European Conference on Circuit Theory and Design, Proceeding, 2011, 813-816.
X. Jiang, J. Zhang and W. Jian, The analysis of ultracapacitor charging efficiency international conference on computational and information sciences, Proceeding, 2013, 1198-1201.
www.alke.com/break-even-point-electric-cars. (Accessed on 13 January 2019)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.ผลงานวิจัยและบทความวิชาการที่ปรากฏในวารสารนี้ เป็นความคิดเห็นอิสระของผู้เขียน ผู้เขียนจะต้องเป็นผู้รับผิดชอบต่อผลทางกฎหมายใด ๆ ที่อาจจะเกิดขึ้นจากบทความนั้น กองบรรณาธิการและคณะจัดทำวารสารฯไม่จำเป็นต้องเห็นด้วยเสมอไป