Wastewater Treatment of Laundry Detergent Solution using Blue Swimming Crab Shells and Cuttlebone
Keywords:amount of phosphorus in phosphate form, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), blue swimming crab shell; cuttlebone
Water source problems, especially polluted water caused by organic matters and minerals contaminated by humans’ activities as well as releasing detergent wastewater to public water sources, cause eutrophication and serious water problems. Therefore, the objectives of this experiment are to reduce the amount of phosphorus in the form of phosphate (PO43- as P) and COD in the detergent solution by using the absorbent that being the wastes, the blue swimming crab shells and cuttlebone, from the food industry. In this experiment, the detergent solution and the detergent wastewater were used. The experiment was divided into 4 steps. (1) The adsorbent being the wastes were processed into the six types of the adsorbents: the roasted blue swimming crab shells, the burned blue swimming crab shells, chitosan from blue swimming crab shells, the roasted cuttlebone, the burned cuttlebone, and chitosan from the cuttlebone. (2) The appropriate types and amounts of the adsorbent. (3) The appropriate periods. (4) Flowing through the filters in the columns were studied. It was found that the highest percentages of the absorptions of PO43- as P by chitosan from 0.5 gram of the blue swimming crab shells for the exposure period of 120 minutes, were 48.60 and 85.71, respectively. The highest percentages of the absorptions of COD one gram of the roasted cuttlebone for the exposure period of zero minute were 63.31 and 78.57, respectively. When flowing through the filters in the columns were studied, the 3rd column (cotton 40g, roasted cuttlebone 5g, fine sand 430g, Coarse sand 430g, gravel 400g, exposure period of zero minute) had highest percentages of the absorptions.
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