Effects of Compressive and Time Force in Friction Welding Process on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of AISI 1045 Carbon Steel and AISI 304 Stainless Steel Joint

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Worapong Boonchouytan
Romadon Burapa
Watthanaphon Cheewawuttipong


 Friction welding is a solid-state welding process, which is widely used due to its low heat generation, high production efficiency, production convenience, and environmental friendliness. Difficult to fusion weld materials could be success weld by this process. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the microstructure and mechanical properties of friction welding joint between the carbon steel AISI 1045 and the stainless steel AISI 304. The welding process parameter consisted of a rotation speed of 1400 rpm, a friction pressure of 40 bar, 3 levels of compressive pressure (40, 50 and 60 bar), 3 seconds friction time, and compression times of 3, 5 and 7 seconds, respectively. The results showed that the welding process parameter affected to vary the tensile strength of the joint. The maximum tensile strength of 729.8 MPa could be observed when the compressive time of 40 bar, the friction time of 3 seconds, and compress time of 3 seconds, were applied.

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Boonchouytan, W. ., Burapa, R. ., & Cheewawuttipong, W. . (2019). Effects of Compressive and Time Force in Friction Welding Process on Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of AISI 1045 Carbon Steel and AISI 304 Stainless Steel Joint. Journal of Engineering, RMUTT, 17(2), 173–187. Retrieved from https://ph01.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jermutt/article/view/241914
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