Development of Interlocking Concrete Paving Block Product Mixed with Colored Polyethylene Terephthalate Plastic Bottle from Post-Consumer Waste

Main Article Content

Kittipong Suweero
Prachoom Khamput


This research aims to develop the interlocking concrete paving block product mixed with colored polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic bottle from post-consumer waste. The mix ratios were designed by using the ratio of Portland cement type1: aggregates (fine sand, and quarry dust) that equal to 1: 3 by weight. And the colored PET plastic bottle (bottle cap, bottle, and label) was used instead of the aggregates in 5 % of aggregate weight per ratio which the 20% of replacement was the maximum replacement ratio. The 5 mix ratios of Portland cement type1: aggregates: colored PET plastic bottle included 1: 3: 0, 1: 2.85: 0.15, 1: 2.7: 0.3, 1: 2.55: 0.45, and 1: 2.4: 0.6 by weight. Assumed the fine sand to quarry dust ratio equal to 0.67 by weight and the water to cement ratio (W/C) equal to 0.5 by weight. The colored plastic bottle wastes were grinded through the sieve (10 mm of opening) and putted into the admixtures. The concrete mixer and compression machine were the instruments to produce the interlocking concrete paving blocks. The properties of interlocking concrete paving blocks were tested with the TIS. 827-1988 standard and related standards. According to the results at 28 days of curing, the 1: 2.85: 0.15 was the most suitable ratio of interlocking concrete paving blocks which passed the TIS.827-1988 standard. The proper amount of colored plastic bottle wastes can reduce the water absorption, density, surface temperature, and production cost of the interlocking concrete paving blocks. The developed interlocking concrete paving blocks can apply the colored plastic bottle wastes to use as the paving blocks with good strength and environment conservation.

Article Details

How to Cite
Suweero, K. ., & Khamput, P. (2020). Development of Interlocking Concrete Paving Block Product Mixed with Colored Polyethylene Terephthalate Plastic Bottle from Post-Consumer Waste. Journal of Engineering, RMUTT, 18(1), 81–90. Retrieved from
Research Articles


Environmental Research Institute (ERI). Micro plastics [Internet].2018 [cited2018 Dec 10].Available from: (in Thai)

Khamput P, Suweero K. Development of paving block for reducing the exterior surface temperature. Proceedings of the 16th National Convention on Civil Engineering; 2011 May 18-20; Chonburi, Thailand. Bangkok: Mahidol University; 2011. (in Thai)

American Society for Testing and Materials(ASTM). Annual Book of ASTM Standards.Philadelphia: ASTM; 2014.

Thai Industrial Standards Institute (TISI).Thai industrial standard no.827-1988: interlocking concrete paving block.Bangkok: Thai Industrial StandardsInstitute; 1988. (in Thai)

Jindaprasert P, Jaturapitakkul C. Cement,pozzolan, and concrete. 7th ed. Bangkok:ACI Partners with Thailand Concrete Association; 2012. (in Thai)

EdenbaumJ. Plastics additives and modifiershandbook. 1st ed. New York: VanNostrand Reinhold; 1992.

Weeranukul P, Suweero K, Weeranukul I.Utilization of vesicular basalt fragment as aggregate in cement board for knockdown building wall. Journal of Engineering, RMUTT. 2019; 17(1):15-24.(in Thai)

Chawakitchareon P, Nualswan N.Utilization of paper label waste for makinginterlocking concrete paving block by using limestone powder-cement asbinder. The Journal of KMUTNB. 2012; 22(1):99-106.(in Thai)

Arunee N. A study of surface temperature in relation to the mass, color intensity and texture of outdoor paving materials[master’s thesis]. Bangkok: ChulalongkornUniversity; 1995.(in Thai)

Ministry of Commerce (MOC). Economic and trade indices database (ETID)[Internet]. 2019 [cited 2019 Mar 25]. Available from: http://www.indexpr. (in Thai)