Similarity in Sequences of COVID-19 Genetic Codes over Galois Field

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Rapin Sunthornwat
Yupaporn Areepong
Prathum Prommi


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak is causing the economic and health problems for all countries. The origin based on genetic codes of its spreading is a significant key for identification and solution of the outbreak. The purpose of this research is to study the relations based on similarity measurement over Galois field amongst genetic codes of COVID-19. Galois field is an abstract structure for converting genetic codes to binary codes derived from polynomials and then similarity is measured from binary codes. The application is the investigation of the relations amongst the sequences of genetic codes of COVID-19 particles contaminated from waste water in Brazil, Spain, Italy and the sequences of COVID genetic codes in Thailand and China over Galois field. In addition, the relations amongst the sequences genetic COVID-19 codes from Wuhan markets, SARS and bat coronavirus genetic code are also investigated over Galois field. The results showed that the sequence of COVID-19 genetic codes in Brazil is possibly significant and related to the sequence in China, and vice versa, as well as the sequence of COVID-19 genetic codes at Wuhan market- LR757995.1 is possibly transmitted from Bat coronavirus RaTG13 genetic code to human in China.

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How to Cite
R. Sunthornwat, Y. Areepong, and P. Prommi, “Similarity in Sequences of COVID-19 Genetic Codes over Galois Field”, ECTI-CIT Transactions, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 165–173, Jun. 2022.
Research Article


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