Main Article Content
In this paper, we consider the impact of imperfect channel state information (CSI) on outage probability of users in an ambient backscatter (AB) enabled nonorthogonal multiple access (NOMA) network. In our proposed scheme, a source node communicates with two destinations via a radio frequency-powered device. Such device is assume with ability of backscattering the signals from the base station. We derive expressions to show the outage probability of main nodes in such system. The analytical expressions for the outage probability are checked with Monte-Carlo simulations. It has been shown that the analytical results match the simulation results. In particular, the user with higher allocated power exhibits its performance better than another 10%-15% when signal to noise ratio (SNR) at the source node is 30 dB.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
A. Liu, A. N. Parks, V. Talla, , S. Gollakota, D. Wetherall, and J. R, Smith, “Ambient backscatter: wireless communication out of thin air”, in Proc. ACM SIGCOMM, New York, NY, pp. 39-50, Aug. 2013.
A. N. Parks, A. Liu, S. Gollakota, and J. R, Smith, “Turbocharging ambient backscatter communication,” in Proc. ACM SIGCOMM, Chicago, USA, pp. 619-630, Aug. 2014.
D. Bharadia, K. R. Joshi, M. Kotaru, and S. Katti, “BackFi: High Throughput WiFi Backscatter", in Proc. ACM SIGCOMM, London, pp. 283-296, Aug. 2015.
N. V. Huynh, D. T. Hoang, X. Lu, D. Niyato, P. Wang, and D. I. Kim, “Ambient backscatter communications: A contemporary survey,” IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts., vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 2889-2922, 4th Quart., 2018.
Y. Ye, L. Shi, R. Hu and G. Lu, “Energy-Efficient Resource Allocation for Wirelessly Powered Backscatter Communications,” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1418 -1422, Aug. 2019.
B. Lyu, Z. Yang, H. Guo, F. Tian, and G. Gui, “Relay Cooperation Enhanced Backscatter Communication for Internet-of-Things,” IEEE Internet of Things J., vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 2860-2871, Apr. 2019.
D. Darsena, G. Gelli, and F. Verde, “Modeling and Performance Analysis of Wireless Networks With Ambient Backscatter Devices,” IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun., vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 1797-1814, Apr. 2017.
V. Liu, A. Parks, V. Talla, S. Gollakota, D. Wetherall, and J. R. Smith, “Ambient backscatter: Wireless communication out of thin air,” in Proc. ACM SIGCOMM, Hong Kong, pp. 39-50, Aug. 2013.
R. Long, Y. Liang, H. Guo, G. Yang and R. Zhang, “Symbiotic radio: A new communication paradigm for passive internet of things,” IEEE Internet of Things J., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1350-1363, Feb. 2020.
X. Kang, Y. Liang and J. Yang, “Riding on the Primary: A New Spectrum Sharing Paradigm for Wireless-Powered IoT Devices,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 6335-6347, Sept. 2018.
D. Li, “Backscatter Communication via Harvest-Then-Transmit Relaying,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 69, no. 6, pp. 6843-6847, June 2020.
H. Ding, D. B. da Costa, and J. Ge, “Outage analysis for cooperative ambient backscatter systems,” IEEE Wireless Commun. Lett., vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 601-605, May 2020.
Y. Ye, L. Shi, X. Chu and G. Lu, “On the outage performance of ambient backscatter communications,” IEEE Internet of Things J., vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 7265-7278, Aug. 2020.
D. Li, H. Zhang and L. Fan, “Adaptive Mode Selection for BackscatterAssisted Communication Systems With Opportunistic SIC,” IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 2327-2331, Feb. 2020.
D. Li, “Hybrid Active and Passive Antenna Selection for BackscatterAssisted MISO Systems,” IEEE Trans. Commun., doi: 10.1109/TCOMM.2020.3014917.
D. Li, “Two Birds With One Stone: Exploiting Decode-and-Forward Relaying for Opportunistic Ambient Backscattering,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 1405-1416, Mar. 2020.
D.-T. Do, M. V. Nguyen, F. Jameel, R. Jäntti and I. S. Ansari, "Performance Evaluation of Relay-Aided CR-NOMA for Beyond 5G Communications," in IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 134838-134855, 2020.
D-T. Do, T.-L. Nguyen, K. M. Rabie, X. Li and B. M. Lee, "Throughput Analysis of Multipair Two-Way Replaying Networks With NOMA and Imperfect CSI," IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 128942-128953, 2020.
S. M. R. Islam, N. Avazov, O. A. Dobre, and K. Kwak, ‘‘Power-domain non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) in 5G systems: Potentials and challenges,’’ IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts., vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 721–742, 2nd Quart., 2017.
M. Shirvanimoghaddam, M. Dohler, and S. J. Johnson, ‘‘Massive nonorthogonal multiple access for cellular IoT: Potentials and limitations,’’ IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 55, no. 9, pp. 55–61, Sep. 2017.
H.-P. Dang, M.-S. V. Nguyen, Dinh-Thuan Do, H.-L. Pham, B. Selim and G. Kaddoum, "Joint Relay Selection, Full-Duplex and Device-to-Device Transmission in Wireless Powered NOMA Networks," in IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 82442-82460, 2020.
M. A. Sedaghat and R. R. Muller, ‘‘On user pairing in uplink NOMA,’’ IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 3474–3486, May. 2018.
Dinh-Thuan Do and M.-S. Van Nguyen, "Device-to-device transmission modes in NOMA network with and without Wireless Power Transfer," Computer Communications, vol. 139, pp. 67-77, May 2019.
P. D. Diamantoulakis, K. N. Pappi, Z. Ding, and G. K. Karagiannidis, ‘‘Wireless-powered communications with non-orthogonal multiple access,’’ IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 15, no. 12, pp. 8422–8436, Dec. 2016.
Z. Xiao, L. Zhu, J. Choi, P. Xia, and X.-G. Xia, ‘‘Joint power allocation and beamforming for non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) in 5G millimeter wave communications,’’ IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 2961–2974, May. 2018.
J. Guo, X. Zhou, S. Durrani, and H. Yanikomeroglu, ‘‘Design of non-orthogonal multiple access enhanced backscatter communication,’’ IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 17, no. 10, pp. 6837–6852, Oct. 2018.
G. Yang, X. Xu, and Y.-C. Liang, ‘‘Resource allocation in NOMA enhanced backscatter communication networks for wireless powered IoT,’’ IEEE Wireless Commun. Lett., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 117–120, Jan. 2020.
X. Li, J. Li, and L. Li, “Performance Analysis of Impaired SWIPT NOMA Relaying Networks over Imperfect Weibull Channels,” IEEE Syst. J., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 669–672, 2020.
S. Arzykulov, T. A. Tsiftsis, G. Nauryzbayev and M. Abdallah, “Outage Performance of Cooperative Underlay CR-NOMA With Imperfect CSI,” IEEE Communications Letters, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 176-179, Jan. 2019.
Q. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Liang and P. Kam, “Backscatter-NOMA: A Symbiotic System of Cellular and Internet-of-Things Networks,” IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 20000 -20013, 2019.
F. Kara and H. Kaya, “Improved User Fairness in Decode-Forward Relaying Non -Orthogonal Multiple Access Schemes With Imperfect SIC and CSI,” in IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 97540-97556, 2020.
Z. Ding, Z. Yang, P. Fan, and H. V. Poor, “On the performance of nonorthogonal multiple access in 5G systems with randomly deployed users,” IEEE Signal Process. Lett., vol. 21, no. 12, pp. 1501–1505, Dec. 2014.
I. S. Gradshteyn and I. M. Ryzhik, Table of Integrals, Series, and Products, 2000.