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At present, there are many types of beverage packages such as cans and plastic bottles which lead to a large number of waste beverage cans. Furthermore, throwing beverage cans away without management tends to be an ineffective way to get optimal utilization of resources. Hence, the primary emphasis of this work is on the development of automatic sorting of beverage cans for reverse vending machines. In addition, the accuracy testing of sorting beverage cans by the machine was designed based on three techniques which are easy to implement and which will bring sustainable energy innovations with communities’ participation. There are two sampling groups of cans and plastic bottles in the experimental studies. The first group is the group which already has data in the system for using this in a prototype of sorting process. The latter one is the group without data in the system or which has never been used before.
Furthermore, the reverse vending machine has two types of proximity sensors; inductive and capacitive which work together. The experimental results of sorting beverage cans and bottles on two sample groups show that the average accuracy of sorting is 99.20%. The sorting of beverage cans and bottles based on magnetic hinge and barcode provides an average accuracy of 79.20% and 50.00%, respectively. Classifying using the proximity sensor has the fastest operation with an average of 2.66 seconds, followed by barcode and hinge. Those takes 4.01 and 5.21 seconds, respectively.
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