Hybrid Energy Harvesting System Based on Regenerative Braking System and Suspension Energy Harvesting for Middle Electric Vehicle

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Kunagone Kiddee

Abstract

      This research proposed a hybrid energy harvesting system (HEHS) based on Suspension Energy Harvesting using a regenerative shock absorber (RSA) with SC/Battery hybrid energy storage system (SCB-HESS) based regenerative braking system (RBS) for the middle electric vehicle (MEV). In the regenerative braking mode, the artificial neural network (ANN)-based RBS control mechanism was utilized to optimize the switching scheme of the three-phase inverter and transferred the braking energy to be stored in the energy storage devices. Furthermore, a supercapacitor-based RSA is capable of harvesting the vehicular suspension-vibration energy and converting it into electrical energy to extend energy storage devices. The experimental total energy harvesting efficiency of the supercapacitor-based RSA ranges between 21.74% and 49.93%, with an average total efficiency of 31.93%. In addition, the research findings revealed that the proposed hybrid energy harvesting system based on SCB-HESS-based RBS with suspension energy harvesting using RSA enhanced the regeneration efficiency of 31.75% compared with SCB-HESS-based RBS MEVs.

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